Memorizing Scripture – Don’t Do It!

Not only hearing but also doing

Alright, the title of this article is meant to get your attention. I am not going to say that we should never try to memorize Scripture but only that it should have its proper priority in our walk with God. Some ministers endorse Scripture memorization as one of, if not the most fundamental and important of the spiritual disciplines. I humbly and respectfully disagree. I contend that memorizing Scripture should be regarded as one of the least important endeavors in which we should occupy our time.

Suppose, for example, that you work an office job where your boss emailed you instructions for a special project. A couple of days later he follows up with you for an update on the progress of the project but instead of having worked on it you spent all of your time memorizing the email he sent! Do you suppose he will be happy that you can quote back to him verbatim everything he wrote? Most likely he could not care less that you can quote any of it and was not even expecting you to do that. The only thing that matters to him is that you should have been doing what he told you to do. Why would it be any different with God? Do we think He is pleased that we are not doing what He said yet we can quote it?

Probably the most common verse cited to teach Scripture memorization is: “This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success” (Jos 1:8). But notice that the entire objective is that we do it! Granted, if speaking it, meditating in it, and even memorizing it helps us to obey then by all means we should do these things. But as James said “But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves” (Jas 1:22). We are deceived if we think that hearing and even memorizing God’s word without doing it is accomplishing anything in God’s sight.

I know some ministers that start new converts to the Christian faith with a regiment of Scripture memorization. They purchase for them a verse packet or have them write verses on index cards to carry around with them and read throughout the day. I have even heard them claim that “make disciples” in Christ’s statement, “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen.” (Mat 28:19-20 NKJV), means that new Christians are to discipline themselves in memorizing Scripture. However, Christ Himself stated here that it actually means “teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you.” True discipleship is not teaching them to memorize but to obey.

Understanding the Scriptures

Now, in case you might be thinking that I have not memorized much Scripture and that this article is just my excuse, I assure you that I can quote my fair share. In fact, I not only can quote many verses but even many entire chapters. But this retention did not come from trying to memorize but simply from disciplined reading and studying in order to understand the Scriptures. I have found that the more I understand what God is saying, the more it stays with me.

Paul prayed for the Christians in Ephesus: “The eyes of your understanding being enlightened” (Eph 1:18). He did not pray for them to memorize it but to understand it. God’s word is the message He intended to convey through the Scriptures. If we do not have the correct understanding God meant to communicate then we do not have the word of God. What good is it to be able to quote something that we do not understand correctly and are not applying correctly?

Also, what about languages? Am I quoting God’s word when I quote it in English? If so, which English Bible translation? Would it not be better to memorize and quote it in the original language it was written? It is instructive that Paul usually quoted from the Septuagint which is a translation of the original. This indicates that he esteemed the intended message to be what matters. In other words, what is important is that the message God intended to communicate is conveyed correctly whether it be through Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, English, Chinese, Spanish, or some other language. God’s word is His message to us.

Furthermore, what about people in false religions? Many Mormons and Jehovah’s Witnesses can quote a lot of verses as well. Does it really do them any good? What about Jews that reject Jesus as their Messiah? Many of them can put us to shame with their Scripture memorization yet they are not saved.

Even when I can quote particular verses or passages when around other people I almost never do. For example, if I am in a Sunday school class or a Bible study and a certain passage or reference is mentioned that I can quote, I look it up in my Bible and read it instead. I do not want anyone knowing that I could have quoted it. God’s word is just as effective whether I read it from my Bible or quote it from memory. I am not trying to impress anyone so there is no need for me to quote it.

I used to have an elementary school teacher who would have each student read out loud a paragraph from a book then explain back in our own words what we just read. This was to test our reading comprehension. This same principle is applicable to Scripture. It is more important that we can correctly paraphrase what the Scriptures are saying in our own words rather than quoting them word for word.

Hypothetically, what if we memorized the entire Bible and could literally quote it all verse by verse? Paul said that without love “I am nothing” (1Co 13:2). If we are not obeying Christ’s commandment to love others then it means absolutely nothing that we could even quote the entire Bible. Some Christians are deceived that they are really doing well because they can quote some verses yet they are not treating others right.

Proof-texting memorization

“Therefore shall ye lay up these my words in your heart and in your soul, and bind them for a sign upon your hand, that they may be as frontlets between your eyes” (Deu 11:18); “Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee” (Psa 119:11); “Then I said, I will not make mention of him, nor speak any more in his name. But his word was in mine heart as a burning fire shut up in my bones, and I was weary with forbearing, and I could not stay.” (Jer 20:9); “If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you” (Jhn 15:7); “And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God” (Rom 12:2); “And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God” (Eph 6:17); “Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord” (Col 3:16); “For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart” (Heb 4:12).

These verses are a few of the most common used to tout Scripture memorization yet actually say nothing of the sort. Having His word in our hearts, for example, is not about memorizing but living. Our hearts are where we treasure the true motives for our actions. Some people do and say the right things but with the wrong motives—it is ultimately about benefitting themselves in this life which includes receiving the praise of other people. As believers, on the other hand, we should be doing and saying what is right with the intent of pleasing God even when it displeases people and even when we must suffer for it. This is what it means to have His word in our hearts.

Furthermore, renewing our minds is not about memorizing Scripture but about ceasing to be conformed to the ways of the world which involves a renewed mindset. Earlier Paul had urged the Christians in Rome, “Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord” (Rom 6:11). It is in our minds that we reckon ourselves to be dead to sin and therefore live righteously in obedience to Christ as Lord. This is what he meant later by “For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace” (Rom 8:6). A renewed mind is a spiritual mind. It is having the mindset and attitude of a servant like Christ, “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus” (Phl 2:5). Those who are of the world are carnally minded—they ultimately live for what they can have in this life.

Reasons given to memorize

People come up with various reasons to push Scripture memorization on others. One reason is that it supposedly sharpens our witnessing and makes it more effective. Actually, what is far more important is that we are sharing the true saving gospel message. What good is it to quote a lot of Scripture to someone yet ultimately communicate to them a faulty message? Besides, sometimes one of the best things we can tell someone is our own testimony of how God changed our lives. We do not need to be able to quote verses to do this.

Another reason given is that memorization allegedly strengthens our prayer life. But prayer is simply talking to God as our normal selves, being sincere and transparent before Him. What He really wants when we approach Him in prayer is a broken spirit and a contrite heart not quoting verses to Him. Living a life of obedience to Him in striving to always please Him is what truly makes for a strong prayer life.

I heard one Christian talk about having memorized the first three chapters of Ephesians and what an unspeakable blessing that has been to him. But my question to him would be how much of those three chapters does he really understand. I can quote much of Ephesians yet I do not really find that to be a great blessing. My retention of it has not come by trying to memorize it but from many years of studying the letter intently in order to understand it. For me, the true blessing comes with the more I understand the message from God that Paul revealed in Ephesians.

Finally, one last popular reason given for memorizing Scripture is that it supposedly helps us resist temptation, and of course the main example of this is when Jesus quoted verses to the devil. But wait a minute; all Jewish men could quote at least the Torah—the first five books that are the writings of Moses—and this did not give any of them victory over temptation. Everyone except Jesus has sinned. Just memorizing and quoting Scripture does not give us victory over temptation.

The trial of our faith

Some think of discipleship as “connecting” with a new convert over coffee and helping them memorize Bible verses. But when suffering, persecution, and the tragedies of life occur, being able to quote a few verses is superficial and does little good. What we really need is spiritual maturity and strong faith in the fear of God.

James began his letter “Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience” (Jas 1:3), then said toward the end, “Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy” (Jas 5:11). Job’s faith was sorely and severely tested far beyond anything any of us will ever endure. He had 10 children and lost all 10 in one day! I cannot even fathom having to go through something like that. He was a real person with real feelings and emotions who loved his children dearly just like we do. He had also been ruined financially and of course later came down with a terrible disease that almost took his own life. How did he patiently endure these trials? Did he quote Bible verses he had memorized? Actually, none of the Bible had even been written at that time in history. He was strong through it all because he lived righteously in the fear of God and avoided all appearance of evil, “And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil?” (Job 1:8). Notice that this was God Himself praising Job. What gets us through the trials of our faith is having God on our side defending us against the attacks of the enemy. This only comes by living in faithful service to Him striving to always please Him, not by just quoting “I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me” (Phl 4:13).

True Theology – Part 2

Introduction

The doctrine of the Trinity is illogical and simply doesn’t make sense. Even many of the most highly intelligent Trinitarian theologians admit, albeit reluctantly, that they just can’t understand this doctrine. But the reason they can’t understand it is because even God can’t understand it! But seriously, since truth is logical but the doctrine of the Trinity is illogical, it’s not true. Just a few of its main illogical claims: the one God consists of three Persons; Jesus is both “God the Son” and “the Son of God”; Jesus is both a 100% divine being and a 100% human being at the same time; Jesus was eternally begotten; although God can’t be tempted, Jesus is God and was tempted in all points; although God can’t die, Jesus is God and did die.

The correct view of God, on the other hand, is quite simple and logical. One Person is God and has always existed. At some point before the creation, God begat His Son equal to Himself in substance and kind but under His direct submission and authority. Therefore, the one true God became the Father by having begotten His Son. He then directed His Son to create the heavens, the earth, and all living creatures including all principalities and powers. After man sinned, God began His plan of salvation to reconcile the world to Himself through His Son. The Son of God willingly relinquished His divinity and was made flesh—He transitioned from a 100% divine being to a 100% human being. As a human being, He worked miracles, signs, and wonders by the anointing of His Father’s Breath upon Him. He lived a perfect and sinless life then died on the cross for the sins of the world, committing Himself to His Father to raise Him from the dead. After His resurrection, He ascended back to heaven and sat down at the right hand of His Father having been given all power in heaven and earth, ever living to make intercession for the saints. And He will return one day to raise all of His own to eternal life in His Kingdom.

Although the doctrine of the Trinity is the landslide majority view of Christians today, history has been consistent in the majority view being wrong while only a small remnant is following the one true God. In Paul’s last words to the world he said, “This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me” (2Ti 1:15). It’s quite unfathomable that everyone in Asia had turned away from the apostle Paul himself. Surely the majority couldn’t have been wrong! If this was true of the majority even in the days of the apostles themselves then how much more it could very well be true today almost 2,000 years later.

We don’t realize just how utterly pervasive and thorough the devil has corrupted the truth over the last 2,000 years. There are thousands of Protestant Christian denominations worldwide and within many of these denominations abound factions, divisions, and disagreements about the truth. New denominations are formed usually by splits within the existing ones.

Jesus Christ taught the truth, “I am the way, the truth, and the life” (Jhn 14:6), “Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice” (Jhn 18:37), and His teaching is quite simple and easy to understand. But Trinitarian theologians peddle a complex and illogical mess that confuses people, leaving them frustrated and sometimes even giving up on ever knowing the truth. Modern theologians are the main perpetrators of the false doctrine of the Trinity. They’ve been taught by the previous generation and continue the cycle by teaching and training the next generation of theologians and pastors in seminaries. And once they’ve immersed them into the system, they train them in apologetics to skillfully defend any attacks against the system. But instead of submitting to Jesus Christ and agreeing with the simple truth that He taught, Trinitarian theologians continue to push their complex and illogical system. Therefore, in this writing, I don’t refer to Trinitarians in general but Trinitarian theologians specifically. A wise man once said, “Lucy… You’ve got some splainin’ to do!”

What is our authority?

Paul taught that Jesus Christ is the Head, the highest authority over the church, “And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all” (Eph 1:22-23), “For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the saviour of the body” (Eph 5:23), “And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence” (Col 1:18).

The church is under the authority of the Head and should submit to the truth He taught: “grace and truth came by Jesus Christ” (Jhn 1:17); “And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free” (Jhn 8:32); “And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me?” (Jhn 8:46); “I am the way, the truth, and the life” (Jhn 14:6); “Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice” (Jhn 18:37); “the truth is in Jesus” (Eph 4:21). What Jesus taught about God and about Himself is the truth and the final authority that settles all disputes.

Trinitarian theologians, on the other hand, appeal to church councils and creeds as their authority for the doctrine of the Trinity. They claim that the “truth” of the Trinity was established by the church hundreds, and some even say 2,000 years ago. They also invoke the majority mainstream view of Protestant Christian churches today for support. But these tactics just appeal to the church as their authority rather than to its Head. Why not submit to the truth taught by our Lord Jesus Christ? If we know the truth He taught yet won’t submit to it, is He really our Lord? Is He really the Head, or is the church?

Jesus declared the Father

No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him” (Jhn 1:18), “And the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape.” (Jhn 5:37), “Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father” (Jhn 6:46), “Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see” (1Ti 6:16), “No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us.” (1Jo 4:12).

None of us has seen God. Therefore, when it comes to the knowledge of God, none of us knows what we’re talking about! Only the Son of God has seen God the Father because He was with God before coming into this world, “and the Word was with God” (Jhn 1:1), “the Word of life … which was with the Father” (1Jo 1:1, 2). Since He’s the only one that was with God and has seen God then He is the only one that knows what He’s talking about. We must listen to what He said about God and what He said about Himself. Trinitarian theologians, although having never seen God, teach something different than what the Son of God taught yet want us to listen to them!

“All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him” (Mat 11:27); “Then said they unto him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered, Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also.” (Jhn 8:19); “Yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying” (Jhn 8:55); “As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep” (Jhn 10:15); “O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me” (Jhn 17:25).

No man knows the Son, and no man knows the Father—only the Father knows the Son, and only the Son knows the Father. What they said about each other is the final word. And there is nothing here about a third Person knowing either of them or being known by either of them. The pressure isn’t on those of us that agree with what the Father and Son said about each other. The pressure is on Trinitarian theologians that disagree with them and teach something else.

What the Father and Son declared about each other is very clear and understandable. The Son called Himself “the Son of God” and the Father called Him “My Beloved Son.” The Son never called Himself “God” and the Father never called His Son “God.” Furthermore, the Son did call His Father “God” and even called Him “My God.” Finally, neither of them called the Holy Breath “God.” Both God the Father and the Son of God agree with each other completely. Why do Trinitarian theologians teach something different about them? Why won’t they agree with them? Do they know more about the Father and the Son than even the Father and the Son know about their own selves?

The proper knowledge of God begins with the words of the Son of God. His words about God and about Himself are the lens through which we are to understand and view everything else about God in the Scriptures. He said, “For whosoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words, of him shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he shall come in his own glory, and in his Father’s, and of the holy angels” (Luk 9:26). To know and understand His words about God and about Himself yet teach something different is to be ashamed of Him and of His words. And He said that if we’re ashamed of Him and of His words, He will be ashamed of us—He will deny us before the Father and we will perish. Do any really suppose we can knowingly and willingly disagree with Jesus Christ and still be saved by Him?

The lens of Trinitarian theologians

Rather than starting with what Jesus Christ taught about God and about Himself, Trinitarian theologians start with their own theological system and use it as the lens by which they view what the Scriptures say about God. That they begin by assuming the doctrine of the Trinity is true then impose it upon the Scriptures is most glaringly obvious by them forcing the simple meaning of the plural from “more than one” to exactly three! The statements, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness” (Gen 1:26), “Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language” (Gen 11:7), “Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?” (Isa 6:8), supposedly prove a Triune God. Instead of following evidence to where it leads, they’re leading it to where they want it to go. But staying faithful to Jesus’ teaching, “And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven” (Jhn 3:13), “And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was” (Jhn 17:5), we conclude that the plurality of divine beings in the Scriptures are two—the Father and the Son.

By using the doctrine of the Trinity as their lens, the places Paul wrote of “God our Saviour” (1Ti 1:1, 2:3; Tit 1:3, 2:10, 3:4) supposedly indicate that since Jesus is our Savior then Jesus is God. However, if we’ll begin with Jesus Christ’s own words and stay true to what He taught about God then we’ll understand that God the Father is our Savior because He sent His Son to save us, “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.” (Jhn 3:16-17). The Father and the Son can both be spoken of as our Savior because they both are. In fact, Paul even distinguished God our Savior from our Lord Jesus Christ, “Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope” (1Ti 1:1).

Another example is the claim that the Holy Breath must be a Person co-equal with God because Peter said that lying to the Holy Breath is lying to God, “But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost [Breath] … thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God” (Act 5:3-4). But this is simply grasping at straws to make the Scriptures affirm Trinitarian doctrine. By reminding ourselves what Jesus taught about the Holy Breath, “If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him” (Jhn 14:23), we understand that God the Father and His Son Jesus Christ are present in the hearts of men by the indwelling Breath. Therefore, lying to these men indwelt by the Breath was tantamount to lying to God.

The last example is when Paul said “God was manifest [phaneroo 5319] in the flesh” (1Ti 3:16), this supposedly proves that Jesus is God in the flesh. However, he was simply saying that God the Father was being made known, recognized, understood, or actualized through the incarnation of His Son Jesus Christ. This agrees with what His Son said, “And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me” (Jhn 12:45), “he that hath seen me hath seen the Father” (Jhn 14:9), and with what John said, “the Word of life; (For the life was manifested [phaneroo 5319] … eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested [phaneroo 5319] unto us” (1Jo 1:2). Jesus Christ in the flesh manifested God to us.

What God said about Jesus Christ

Twice God the Father spoke from heaven calling Jesus His beloved Son—first at His baptism and second at the Mount of Transfiguration, “And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased” (Mat 3:17), “While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.” (Mat 17:5).

The apostle John, present at both occasions and also at Christ’s crucifixion when He shed His blood, wrote about these events, “Who is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God? This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood” (1Jo 5:5-6). He went on to say, “If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he hath testified of his Son” (1Jo 5:9). Since we accept the witness of two or three men as the truth then how much greater is the witness of God Himself? Especially since God testified twice from heaven about His Son? Saying something different about the Son than what God testified is to make God a liar, “He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son” (1Jo 5:10). For Trinitarian theologians to say that Jesus is “God the Son” is tantamount to making God a liar because He didn’t call Him “God” but His Son.

What Jesus Christ said about Himself

Jesus never called Himself “God the Son” but “the Son of God”: “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son” (Jhn 3:16); “Dost thou believe on the Son of God? … Thou hast both seen him, and it is he that talketh with thee” (Jhn 9:35, 37); “Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?” (Jhn 10:36); “that the Son of God might be glorified thereby” (Jhn 11:4); “Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee” (Jhn 17:1).

Even many years after His death, burial, resurrection, and ascension back to heaven and seating at the right hand of God, this is what He continued to call Himself, “These things saith the Son of God” (Rev 2:18). Trinitarian theologians, however, call Him “God the Son.” How do they know something different about Him that even He didn’t know about Himself?

What John said about Jesus Christ

The apostle John stated the reasons he wrote his Gospel and his first letter, “But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name” (Jhn 20:31), “These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God” (1Jo 5:13). He wrote, not so that we would believe Jesus is “God the Son,” but that He is “the Son of God.”

He taught throughout his first letter that Jesus Christ is the Son: “and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ” (1Jo 1:3); “and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin” (1Jo 1:7); “He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son. Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father … ye also shall continue in the Son, and in the Father.” (1Jo 2:22-24); “For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil” (1Jo 3:8); “That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ” (1Jo 3:23); “because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins” (1Jo 4:9-10); “And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world. Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God” (1Jo 4:14-15); “Who is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God?” (1Jo 5:5); “And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ” (1Jo 5:20).

If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he hath testified of his Son. He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life. These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God. (1 John 5:9-13)

In these five consecutive verses alone, John mentioned the Son eight times! It seems he wanted to emphasize repeatedly to make it absolutely clear that He is the Son of God. And his second letter began with, “Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love” (2Jo 1:3).

No other man in history knew Jesus Christ better than the apostle John. He lived with Him for over three years and was personally taught by Him. He heard with his own ears what God declared about Him at His baptism and also at the Mount of Transfiguration. He ate with Him at His last supper, watched Him hang on the cross, took His mother into his own home, was an eyewitness of Him after His resurrection, and saw Him ascend back into heaven. He wrote five books of the Bible including one of the four Gospels and the very last book of the entire canon of Scripture. And John was the last man on this earth to ever see Him when He was given the final revelation of Jesus Christ.

The apostle John knew Him better than anyone ever has, and he never called Jesus “God the Son” but always “the Son of God,” “the only begotten Son,” and “the Son.” How can anyone suppose they know better about Jesus Christ than he did? Why should we listen to Trinitarian theologians rather than to John?

Confessing the Son of God

The apostle Peter’s great confession was “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God” (Mat 16:16). And the apostle John also wrote, “But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God” (Jhn 20:31). This is also what the apostle Paul and his companions preached, “And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God” (Act 9:20), “For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but in him was yea” (2Co 1:19). Trinitarian theologians, however, teach and preach that He is “God the Son”—a term found nowhere in Scripture.

The confession of salvation is that Jesus is the Son of God, “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God” (Mat 16:16), “Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God” (1Jo 4:15). But the Trinitarian confession that He is “God the Son” actually denies He is “the Son of God” because He can’t be both. If He is God then He can’t be God’s Son, but if He is God’s Son then He can’t be God because they are two distinct Persons. There’s no way around this.

Although Trinitarian theologians teach both—that He is “God the Son” and “the Son of God”—they can’t mean both because He can’t be both. They can only mean one or the other because He can only be one or the other. It’s how they define Him that actually counts. Though they might say He is “the Son of God,” but because they define Him as “God the Son” they’re actually denying that He is “the Son of God”—the very confession of salvation! It isn’t just what we say but what we mean by what we say. It’s both the mouth and the heart.

More is not always better

The typical false views of Jesus deflate Him and make Him something less—that He is only a man or that He is an angelic being. But the doctrine of the Trinity is even more subtle and sinister altogether because it actually inflates Him and makes Him something more—that He is “God the Son,” co-equal with God the Father. Therefore, according to Trinitarian theologians, denying this view of Jesus is denying God. This is why it’s incredibly difficult for Christians to ever repent of this false doctrine even after they’re aware of the overwhelming evidence of Scripture against it. It’s even made more difficult by the fact that it also entails going against the landslide majority view of Christianity and thereby being labeled a heretic. Furthermore, there’s always the looming fear of being wrong about this and therefore forever doomed to eternal fire. It’s a horrible deception and bondage indeed.

As noble as it might seem, making Jesus to be “God the Son” doesn’t glorify Him or the Father. Making someone or something else to be God—either the Son of God or the Holy Breath of God—actually impinges upon the glory of the one true God the Father, “I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images” (Isa 42:8). More Persons doesn’t improve upon God! As if too much oil in a car is better than the right amount. What if, hypothetically, some Christians were to claim that God is four Persons? Would that be better? Trinitarians would then be the ones anathematized for denying one of the Persons.

Making the Son of God to be co-equal with God the Father actually violates the First Commandment, “Thou shalt have no other gods before me” (Exo 20:3). This commandment is not broken by obedience to gods, rulers, or lords under the authority of the one true God, “Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people” (Exo 22:28). Obedience to Jesus Christ as our Lord glorifies God because Jesus Himself is under the authority of God the Father, “my Father is greater than I” (Jhn 14:28), “Christ is God’s” (1Co 3:23), “the head of Christ is God” (1Co 11:3). Maintaining this hierarchy of authority is essential for a correct view of God while making anyone or anything co-equal with God breaks the First Commandment.

It’s because of this hierarchy of authority that Jesus said, “I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God” (Jhn 20:17), then Thomas subsequently called Jesus, “My Lord and my God” (Jhn 20:28). We call both the Son of God “my God” and also the Father “my God” because the Son rules over us and the Father rules over the Son. The Son is our God because He is our Lord, and the Father is our God because He is our Lord’s God. Similarly, it’s because of the hierarchy in the workplace that both our boss and our boss’s boss are our bosses. Both are our bosses not because they’re equal but because they’re not equal!

Hierarchy is the reason that in the following statement the Son is God over His own Kingdom, while God that anointed Him is His own God, “But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.” (Heb 1:8-9).

God the Father is glorified when His Son Jesus Christ is given the proper glory, “Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee … that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent” (Jhn 17:1, 3). Paul said that God the Father is glorified, not by confessing Christ is “God the Son,” but Lord, “And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father” (Phl 2:11). Christ’s Lordship is the confession of salvation, “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved” (Rom 10:9). Paul also declared that his one God is the Father and his one Lord is Jesus Christ, “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him” (1Co 8:6), “One Lord, one faith, one baptism, One God and Father of all” (Eph 4:5-6).

Another argument Trinitarian theologians make is that Jesus must be “God the Son” because He is worshipped as God. However, we’re told that He is worshipped because He is the Son of God and because He is Lord, “Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped him, saying, Of a truth thou art the Son of God” (Mat 14:33), “Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me” (Mat 15:25), “And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him … And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted” (Mat 28:9, 17), “And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy” (Luk 24:52).

Claiming that Jesus is more—that He is more than the only begotten Son of God but has always existed from eternity past, and that He is more than a human kind of being but continues to be a divine kind of being, and that He is more than “the Son of God” but is “God the Son,” and that He is more than Lord but is also co-equal with God—might seem virtuous but is dangerous. An embellished view of Jesus Christ is still a false view of Jesus Christ. Making Him more is not better.

Opposite sides of the ditch

Trinitarians and Unitarians both have a false view of Jesus Christ from the same root cause—a misunderstanding of the meaning of the word “God” translated from the Greek theos. Since they both understand theos as a type of being, then the Son begotten of God must also be God or else wasn’t begotten the same type of being. Trinitarian theologians fall into the ditch that He is God and therefore are forced to claim that He has always existed, that His incarnation was a hypostatic union of two types of beings, that His miracles were by His own power, and that He even resurrected His own self! Unitarian theologians, however, fall into the ditch on the other side of the road. Since they correctly understand that only the Father is God, then the Son of God can’t be the same type of being as His Father because this would mean that the Son is also God as Trinitarians teach. Therefore, they’re forced to claim that Jesus is only a man that didn’t pre-exist His humanity but was begotten by God in the womb of Mary.

Correctly understanding that theos isn’t a type of being but a position of authority solves the entire problem, harmonizes all of Scripture, and glorifies the Father and the Son. There is only one God the Father in the position of the highest supreme authority. The Son of God Jesus Christ was begotten of God as the same type of being before the creation of the universe yet is not God Himself because only His Father occupies that highest position. In His incarnation, Jesus transitioned from the same type of divine being as His Father into a human being in the womb of His mother Mary, “And the Word was made flesh” (Jhn 1:14). He is now a different kind of being than before but still the Son of God because He was born of a virgin. Trinitarian theologians make Him more than He is (co-equal with God), while Unitarian theologians make Him less than He is (just a man).

Why did Jesus speak figuratively?

The main argument Trinitarian theologians make for the Holy Breath being a Person are the occurrences in John chapters 14, 15, and 16 where Jesus spoke of the Breath using personal pronouns: “Even the Spirit [Breath] of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you” (Jhn 14:17), “the Spirit [Breath] of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me” (Jhn 15:26), “Howbeit when he, the Spirit [Breath] of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come” (Jhn 16:13).

However, Jesus Himself finished His discourse by stating that He had been speaking figuratively, “These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs [figuratively]: but the time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs [figuratively], but I shall shew you plainly of the Father” (Jhn 16:25). The apostle Paul later confirmed this to be his understanding of what Christ taught because he used neuter pronouns for the Breath (however some Bible versions incorrectly translate his statements with personal pronouns), “The Spirit [Breath] itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God” (Rom 8:16), “Likewise the Spirit [Breath] also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit [Breath] itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered” (Rom 8:26).

This is also how the apostle John later understood Christ because He called the Breath “the anointing” and used a neuter pronoun as well, “But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him” (1Jo 2:27). The anointing teaches us just as Christ had said, “But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost [Breath], whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things” (Jhn 14:26).

Although before His death Jesus spoke to His disciples about the Breath figuratively as if it’s a Person yet after His resurrection, He showed them plainly that it is Breath, “he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost [Breath]” (Jhn 20:21-22). The obvious question is why He didn’t just tell them plainly at the start? Why lead them to understand one thing initially then clarify the correct understanding later?

The first thing we should recognize is that throughout His ministry, Jesus had only told them what they needed to hear up to any given point, “And these things I said not unto you at the beginning, because I was with you” (Jhn 16:4). Too much information too soon is not always a good thing. They didn’t need to hear this discourse about the Holy Breath three years earlier because Jesus Himself was with them all the time. It was because it was now time for Him to go away that they needed to hear it now.

And even now at this point, there were many more things He wouldn’t tell them because they couldn’t handle them yet, “I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now” (Jhn 16:12). He would later teach these things to them through the Breath, “But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost [Breath], whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things” (Jhn 14:26), “Howbeit when he, the Spirit [Breath] of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come” (Jhn 16:13).

Putting ourselves in the disciples’ shoes so to speak, they had left everything to follow Jesus Christ and now after only about three years He was breaking the news to them that He was leaving! Understandably they would be troubled, afraid, and full of sorrow, “Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid” (Jhn 14:27), “But because I have said these things unto you, sorrow hath filled your heart” (Jhn 16:6).

It certainly would have seemed they were now being abandoned and left without hope had He not spoken of someone else—another Person—coming to take His place. On the other hand, at this point He still couldn’t just tell them plainly either. He couldn’t explain that He was going to die, rise the third day, appear to them many times, ascend back to heaven, give them the Holy Breath on the Day of Pentecost, and then they would go out and preach the gospel to the world. They couldn’t handle all of that yet. It was because God’s plan of salvation had to be kept hidden in a mystery beforehand that Jesus communicated to them figuratively about the Holy Breath as if another Person. They would understand later that it’s actually Himself, His own Person indwelling them through the Breath.

Yet He needed to tell them enough “that my joy might remain in you” (Jhn 15:11), “that ye should not be offended” (Jhn 16:1), “that in me ye might have peace” (Jhn 16:33). Also, He wanted to give them evidence for their trust in Him, “And now I have told you before it come to pass, that, when it is come to pass, ye might believe” (Jhn 14:29), “But these things have I told you, that when the time shall come, ye may remember that I told you of them” (Jhn 16:4). As the saying goes “Hindsight is always 20/20.” They wouldn’t see clearly now but would later. By telling them beforehand, they would know that He had not been a victim but had in fact laid down His own life as “the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world” (Jhn 1:29).

The Holy Breath according to Jesus

Our English word “pneumonia”—a respiratory infection in the air sacs of the lungs that causes difficulty in breathing and can be life-threatening—is derived from the Greek pneuma. Another word is “pneumatics” which is the scientific study of compressed air, not of spirit beings! The Hagios Pneuma typically translated as “Holy Spirit” is literally “Holy Breath.” But because pneuma is consistently mistranslated as “spirit” throughout the New Testament, Trinitarian theologians continue reigning over mainstream Christianity with their teaching that the Hagios Pneuma is a Spirit being or a Person, “a living, self-conscious, rational being; a moral agent.”

After His resurrection, Jesus Himself defined the Hagios Pneuma by literally breathing His own breath out of His own mouth onto His disciples, “And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost [Breath]” (Jhn 20:22). He didn’t just say that Hagios Pneuma is breath, but that there would be no misunderstanding or grounds for arguing whatsoever, He even demonstrated that it is breath! Trinitarian theologians, however, define Hagios Pneuma as a Person that is even co-equal with God. Where did they get this? Why won’t they just agree with Jesus Christ’s definition? If He is truly their Lord then why not submit to the teaching of the Lord?

Many years after His ascension and seating at the right hand of God, Jesus gave seven personal messages to seven churches in Asia. He declared “These things saith the Son of God” (Rev 2:18), and concluded each message with “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit [Breath] saith unto the churches” (Rev 2:7, 11, 17, 29, 3:6, 13, 22). He called Himself the Breath, not just once or twice but seven times! Trinitarian theologians, on the other hand, teach that the Pneuma is an individual Person—a Peron distinct from the Person of the Son of God. But this isn’t what Jesus Himself taught.

Before His death Jesus had said, “I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit when he, the Spirit [Breath] of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come” (Jhn 16:13). This is consistent with Him later giving John the final writing of the Scriptures, “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass” (Rev 1:1). His disciples were not ready to be given the book of Revelation earlier, “I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now.” He told them beforehand “whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak,” then later spoke, “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him.” Christ is the Breath that heard these things from God then spoke them to John. That “he will show you things to come” are the “things which must shortly come to pass” recorded in the book of Revelation.

The Breath of the Father

That the Holy Breath is the Father’s Breath is supported by what Mary and Joseph were both told, “The Holy Ghost [Breath] shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God” (Luk 1:35), “Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost [Breath]” (Mat 1:20). If God is a Trinity of Persons with the Holy Breath being the Third, then the Third Person is the Son’s Father, not the First Person. But if the Holy Breath is simply God’s Breath, then God the Father is indeed the Son’s Father.

God the Father’s Breath is also what anointed and empowered Jesus Christ: “And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit [Breath] descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him. And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit [Breath] descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.” (Jhn 1:32-33); “The Spirit [Breath] of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised” (Luk 4:18); “For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit [Breath] by measure unto him” (Jhn 3:34); “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost [Breath] and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him” (Act 10:38).

Christ performed miracles by the Breath of His Father God: “But if I cast out devils by the Spirit [Breath] of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you” (Mat 12:28); “Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him” (Jhn 3:2); “the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works” (Jhn 14:10); “Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know” (Act 2:22); “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost [Breath] and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him” (Act 10:38).

Christ declared that His Father was in Him: “If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not. But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him” (Jhn 10:37-38); “Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works. Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works’ sake.” (Jhn 14:10-11); “That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me” (Jhn 17:21).

Prior to Christ sending the Holy Breath on the Day of Pentecost, it was the Father’s Breath that was also in the disciples, “For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit [Breath] of your Father which speaketh in you” (Mat 10:20), “If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit [Breath] to them that ask him?” (Luk 11:13).

In His incarnation, the Son of God forever relinquished His divine power—the incredible power by which He created the entire universe and all its fullness—and became a human being exactly like us. Therefore, His breath now as a human being has no more power than ours. The Holy Breath is the Father’s own Breath, “But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit [Breath] of truth, which proceedeth from the Father” (Jhn 15:26). But because the Father sent His Breath in Christ’s name, “But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost [Breath], whom the Father will send in my name” (Jhn 14:26), it’s also called “the Spirit [Breath] of Christ” (Rom 8:9), “the Spirit [Breath] of the Lord” (2Co 3:17), “the Spirit [Breath] of his Son” (Gal 4:6).

The Breath is God the Father’s because He will raise us from the dead by His Breath as He raised Christ from the dead, “But if the Spirit [Breath] of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit [Breath] that dwelleth in you” (Rom 8:11), “And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also raise up us by his own power” (1Co 6:14), “I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things” (1Ti 6:13).

The Breath of the Son

Christ said that He would be in us and with us: “He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him” (Jhn 6:56); “I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you” (Jhn 14:18); “At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you” (Jhn 14:20); “Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him” (Jhn 15:4-5); “I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one … that the love wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them, and I in them” (Jhn 17:23, 26); “I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world” (Mat 28:20).

Christ is now within us by the Breath as His Father was within Him by the Breath: “But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit [Breath] of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit [Breath] of Christ, he is none of his. And if Christ be in you” (Rom 8:9-10); “the Spirit [Breath] itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered … It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us” (Rom 8:26, 34); “Now the Lord is that Spirit [Breath]: and where the Spirit [Breath] of the Lord is, there is liberty” (2Co 3:17); “I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me” (Gal 2:20); “And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit [Breath] of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father” (Gal 4:6); “to be strengthened with might by his Spirit [Breath] in the inner man; That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith” (Eph 3:17); “To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory” (Col 1:27).

Trinitarian theologians capitalize upon the few times when personal qualities are attributed to the Breath to claim it as proof of personhood. But any personal qualities are on account of the presence of Jesus Christ through the Breath—the Breath is His presence and He is a Person. For example, it’s argued that the Holy Breath must be a Person because it can be grieved, “And grieve not the holy Spirit [Breath] of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption” (Eph 4:30). However, Paul had just stated earlier that the Breath is Christ dwelling in our hearts, “strengthened with might by his Spirit [Breath] in the inner man; That Christ may dwell in your hearts” (Eph 3:16-17). It’s Christ that can be grieved because He is a Person. It was Christ that was the Messenger of the Lord grieved by His people in the days of Moses: “How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert!” (Psa 78:40); “Forty years long was I grieved with this generation, and said, It is a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways” (Psa 95:10); “But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them” (Isa 63:10).

Likewise the Spirit [Breath] also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit [Breath] itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit [pneuma phronema], because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God. … Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. (Romans 8:26-27, 34)

Another example of using Scripture to proof-text personhood to the Breath is the statement in this passage “the mind of the Spirit [pneuma phronema],” that it must be a Person because it has a mind of its own. But Paul used the same Greek phrase pneuma phronema just a little earlier in this same chapter, “For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded [pneuma phronema] is life and peace” (Rom 8:6). He was referring back to what he had just taught about those that are spiritually-minded as opposed to those that are carnally-minded. The spiritually-minded are “not in the flesh, but in the Spirit [Breath]” because they have “the Spirit [Breath] of God” or “the Spirit [Breath] of Christ” dwelling in them (Rom 8:9).

This has nothing to do with the Breath as a Person with a mind. It’s because Christ is “he that searcheth the hearts” that He knows the pneuma phronema–He knows who is spiritually-minded and who is not. By the Holy Breath, He knows not only what we do but the very motives of our hearts for what we do, “a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart” (Heb 4:12). The spiritually-minded are those with the indwelling Holy Breath that do what’s right and with the right motives.

When Jesus said, “and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works” (Rev 2:23), He was quoting from Jeremiah, “The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? I the LORD search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings” (Jer 17:10). Although He relinquished His divine powers and is now a human being like us in every regard, He is able to see our hearts by the Breath of God in us. He said to the church at Thyatira, “These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire … I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts … let him hear what the Spirit [Breath] saith unto the churches” (Rev 2:18, 23, 29). He is the Breath because the indwelling Breath is a limited manifestation of His presence within us.

Man is alive by God’s Breath

That Hagios Pneuma is God’s own Breath and not a separate individual Spirit being or Person is substantiated by comparing man’s initial creation to life with his subsequent resurrection back to life. In fact, Paul even appealed to the creation of man when teaching about the resurrection, “And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit [breath]” (1Co 15:45), “And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul” (Gen 2:7). Man was created as a physical being and brought to life by God breathing into his nostrils. Since man was initially brought to life by God breathing into his lifeless body, it follows that man is brought to life in resurrection by God once again breathing into his lifeless body.

Many times we’re told that the Breath quickens or gives life: “It is the spirit [breath] that quickeneth” (Jhn 6:63); “the Spirit [Breath] of life” (Rom 8:2); “the Spirit [Breath] is life” (Rom 8:10); “quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit [Breath]” (Rom 8:11); “a quickening breath [breath]” (1Co 15:45); “the spirit [breath] giveth life” (2Co 3:6); “If we live in the Spirit [Breath]” (Gal 5:25); “of the Spirit [Breath] reap life everlasting” (Gal 6:8); “quickened by the Spirit [Breath]” (1Pe 3:18); “the Spirit [Breath] of life from God” (Rev 11:11).

Also, we’re told many times that it was God that raised Jesus from the dead: “whom God hath raised up” (Act 2:24); “This Jesus hath God raised up” (Act 2:32); “whom God hath raised from the dead” (Act 3:15); “God, having raised up his Son Jesus” (Act 3:26); “Him God raised up the third day” (Act 10:40); “But God raised him from the dead” (Act 13:30); “him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead” (Rom 4:24); “Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father” (Rom 6:4); “And God hath both raised up the Lord” (1Co 6:14); “he which raised up the Lord Jesus” (2Co 4:14); “God the Father, who raised him from the dead” (Gal 1:1); “Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead” (Eph 1:20); “God, who hath raised him from the dead” (Col 2:12); “And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead” (1Th 1:10); “Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus” (Heb 13:20); “God, that raised him up from the dead” (1Pe 1:21).

The reasonable and logical conclusion is that since the Breath quickens or gives life, and since it was God that raised Jesus from death to life, then the Hagios Pneuma is God’s Breath and not a Person. This reasoning is corroborated by Paul, “the Spirit [Breath] of him that raised up Jesus from the dead” (Rom 8:11). Jesus was raised from the dead by “the Breath of him”—God’s Breath.

The Son of God became a human being just like we are—a physical being alive by God’s breath in His nostrils. When He died, He committed His breath to the Father and breathed His last, “And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit [breath]: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost [exhaled]” (Luk 23:46). He then “received of the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit [Breath]” (Act 2:33), and was “quickened by the Spirit [Breath]” (1Pe 3:18). Since His resurrection is the exemplar of ours, we also will be raised this same way, “But if the Spirit [Breath] of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit [Breath] that dwelleth in you” (Rom 8:11).

Trinitarian theologians claim that Jesus is “God the Son” and that He actually raised Himself from the dead. They use this verse as a proof-text, “Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up” (Jhn 2:19). But since His resurrection is the exemplar of ours, if He really did raise Himself from the dead then there’s no hope for us because we can’t raise ourselves from the dead! There are two main reasons Jesus made that statement. First, it was to set up the corrupt religious leaders so that they would have a false accusation to put Him to death, “At the last came two false witnesses, And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days” (Mat 26:60-61). Second, it was a prophecy intended to strengthen the faith of His disciples after its fulfillment, “When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said” (Jhn 2:22).

Rather than all of the Trinitarian claims about spirit persons—that the Holy Spirit [Breath] is a Person, and that man is a spirit person living inside a body, and that Christ covered His Spirit Person with flesh in the incarnation—what makes more sense is that man is a physical being alive by God’s Breath in his nostrils. Christ became a human being and breathed His last when He died, but was brought back to life by God breathing into His nostrils. Our only hope of eternal life, therefore, is having God’s indwelling Breath as an earnest or pledge that after we breathe our last, God will breathe life into us again as He did with His Son Jesus Christ.

Blasphemy against the Breath

The Holy Breath is “the Spirit [Breath] of truth” (Jhn 14:17, 15:26, 16:13). Once we’ve come to the knowledge of the truth and are no longer ignorant, God requires it of us. Blasphemy against the Breath is blasphemy against the truth for which God will never forgive, “Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost [Breath] shall not be forgiven unto men” (Mat 12:31).

But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming. Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. (Acts 13:45-46)

God kept His own people ignorant of the truth in order to fulfill His plan of salvation through His Son Jesus Christ. Here in Antioch of Pisidia, once the Jews heard the truth about Jesus Christ from Paul and Barnabas, they were no longer ignorant. For them to now contradict and speak maliciously against the truth they had heard was blasphemy against the Breath—the presence of Jesus Christ Himself in Paul and Barnabas—for which they would never be forgiven. They judged themselves and forever forfeited eternal life. Once we’ve been given a clear line of demarcation between truth and error, God requires a judgment or decision from us.

Trinitarian theologians, on the other hand, claim that blasphemy against the Breath is denying that the Breath is a Person. Essentially, it’s denying what they teach! In that case, although blasphemy against the Breath cannot be forgiven, blasphemy against Trinitarian theologians can be forgiven! But seriously, the sobering reality is that once we come to the knowledge of the truth that Jesus taught yet willingly contradict and speak against it, we’re in danger of blasphemy against Him. Therefore, and sadly, it’s the Trinitarian theologians that are in danger of committing this unpardonable sin once they’re no longer sincerely ignorant of the truth taught by Jesus Christ. Willful sin against the truth will never be forgiven, “For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins” (Heb 10:26).

Those against the King

The Greek christos transliterated into English as “Christ” is the equivalent of the Hebrew mashiyach transliterated as “Messiah.” It means “anointed” and is the title of the king. Saul was called mashiyach by both Samuel and David, “The LORD is witness against you, and his anointed [mashiyach]” (1Sa 12:5), “the LORD’S anointed [mashiyach] … he is the anointed [mashiyach] of the LORD” (1Sa 24:6). David was also called mashiyach, “the anointed [mashiyach] of the God of Jacob” (2Sa 23:1). And it was prophesied by both David and Daniel that Jesus would be mashiyach, “The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed [mashiyach]” (Psa 2:2), “unto the Messiah [mashiyach] the Prince shall be seven weeks … And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah [mashiyach] be cut off” (Dan 9:25, 26).

The verb “anoint” simply means “to rub,” “to smear,” or “to pour upon.” Samuel anointed both Saul and David to be king by pouring oil upon their head, “Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the LORD hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance? …  And when they came thither to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him; and the Spirit [Breath] of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them.” (1Sa 10:1, 10), “Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit [Breath] of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah” (1Sa 16:13). But the oil was only symbolic. It was the Breath of God that came upon them at that time which set them apart as the king.

Jesus of Nazareth was anointed by God at His baptism, “the Spirit [Breath] descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him” (Jhn 1:32). But the water was only symbolic. It was God’s Breath that came upon Him that sanctified or set Him apart as the Christ, the Anointed, the King, “The Spirit [Breath] of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me” (Luk 4:18), “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost [Breath] and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him” (Act 10:38).

Trinitarian theologians teach that Christ cast out devils by His own divine power as “God the Son,” but Jesus Himself said that He cast them out by the Breath of God, “But if I cast out devils by the Spirit [Breath] of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you” (Mat 12:28). Who should we believe, Christ or the theologians? The power of God’s Breath to heal, work miracles, and cast out devils were signs that the King and the Kingdom of God had come. Denying that His supernatural power was by the anointing of the Breath of God is by implication denying Him as the King.

Furthermore, teaching that we are nonphysical beings that go to heaven after death, disallows our true destiny of resurrection to eternal life and inheritance in Christ’s Kingdom on this earth. Christ and His apostles never taught that we go to heaven but that we enter into, or inherit the Kingdom: “Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven” (Mat 7:21); “Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven” (Mat 18:3); “Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven” (Mat 19:23); “Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world” (Mat 25:34); “Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God?” (1Co 6:9), “Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God” (1Co 15:50); “that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God” (Gal 5:21); “For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God” (Eph 5:5); “Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son” (Col 1:13); “That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory” (2Th 2:12); “Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?” (Jas 2:5); “For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ” (2Pe 1:11); “I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ” (Rev 1:9).

Jesus blessed Peter’s confession that He is the Christ or King, the Son of God, “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona” (Mat 16:16-17). In harmony with this confession, the apostle John wrote, “Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist [antichristos], that denieth the Father and the Son. Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father” (1Jo 2:22-23). An antichristos is literally an adversary or opponent of the king!

Antichrists deny that Jesus is the King and that He is the Son. Although Trinitarian theologians affirm both, taken to its logical conclusion, the doctrine of the Trinity actually infringes upon both. Teaching that His miracles were by His own divine power, and teaching that we go to heaven after death by implication deny His Kingdom and Him as King. And teaching that God is three co-equal Persons, “God the Father,” “God the Son,” and “God the Holy Spirit,” denies the Father as the one true God and Jesus as the Son of God. Trinitarian teaching, by logical deduction, denies what Peter affirmed that Jesus is the King, the Son of God.

“And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you. For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many” (Mat 24:4-5). Jesus wasn’t talking about those who falsely claim to be the Christ themselves. He was saying that many will rightly affirm that Jesus is the Christ, but will deceive many with false teachings about Him. They will affirm Him as Christ or King, but teach things that are against Him as King—the very thing that Trinitarian theologians are doing. “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ” (Col 2:8).

Jesus told the parable of the nobleman who went away to receive a kingdom, “He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return. And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten pounds, and said unto them, Occupy till I come.” (Luk 19:12-13). As servants of the King, we are to be using the “pounds” He delivered to us for His purposes in furthering His kingdom until He returns, “But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness” (Mat 6:33). Trinitarian theologians teach that Christ worked miracles, not by the anointing of God’s Breath as the King but by His own power as “God the Son.” They teach, not that we’re raised from the dead at Christ’s return to inherit His kingdom but that we all go to heaven after we die. By not submitting to what He taught in furthering His kingdom, they’re essentially saying “We will not have this man to reign over us” (Luk 19:14).

Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him. And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all. (1 Corinthians 15:24-28)

Here Paul taught that God is the Father, and that His Son will forever be subject to Him. This is not the “co-equal” doctrine that Trinitarian theologians teach. Who is right, the apostle Paul or the theologians?

That God has “put all things under his feet” is a quote from David about Adam, “Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas” (Psa 8:6-8). Adam was given dominion over every creature he named, “And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him” (Gen 2:20). This was figurative and prophetic of Christ’s Kingdom—His authority over every name that is named and all things being put under His feet, “Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: And hath put all things under his feet” (Eph 1:21-22). Now we understand what He meant by “Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world” (Mat 25:34). Christ’s Kingdom was prepared from the very beginning as seen in a mystery in the dominion given to Adam. Therefore, God’s plan of salvation and the true gospel message from the very beginning has always been Christ’s Kingdom, “In the beginning was the Word” (Jhn 1:1).

The saving gospel message is the preaching of the Kingdom of God. This is what Christ preached throughout His ministry: “And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people” (Mat 4:23); “And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sickness and every disease among the people” (Mat 9:35); “And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand” (Mat 10:7); “And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come” (Mat 24:14); “And he said unto them, I must preach the kingdom of God to other cities also: for therefore am I sent” (Luk 4:43); “And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and village, preaching and shewing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God: and the twelve were with him” (Luk 8:1); “And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick” (Luk 9:2); “And heal the sick that are therein, and say unto them, The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you” (Luk 10:9).

This is also what was preached from the first chapter of the book of Acts through the last: “To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God” (Act 1:3); “But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women” (Act 8:12); “And he went into the synagogue, and spake boldly for the space of three months, disputing and persuading the things concerning the kingdom of God” (Act 19:8); “And now, behold, I know that ye all, among whom I have gone preaching the kingdom of God, shall see my face no more” (Act 20:25); “And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into his lodging; to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God” (Act 28:23); “And Paul dwelt two whole years in his own hired house, and received all that came in unto him, Preaching the kingdom of God” (Act 28:30-31).

Antichrists are adversaries or opponents of the king. Trinitarian theologians don’t teach the kingdom of God in which the Father is God and the Son is forever subject to Him, “when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father … then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all” (1Co 15:24, 28). Instead, they teach co-equality. And they don’t teach that Jesus was anointed by God’s Breath as King to cast out devils and heal the sick, “But if I cast out devils by the Spirit [Breath] of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you” (Mat 12:28), “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost [Breath] and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him” (Act 10:38), but that He did these things by His own divine power as a 100% divine being in the flesh. Whether or not they truly are antichrists is Christ’s decision but their teaching essentially implicates them as such.

The Roman Catholic Church

So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns. And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication: And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration. (Revelation 17:3-6)

It has been astutely noted that this woman is likely the Roman Catholic Church (RCC). Her attire is the pomp and pageantry of her popes and cardinals decked in purple and scarlet, gold and precious stones. She established the doctrine of the Trinity by anathematizing and putting to death any that disagreed with her. She is drunk with the blood of the saints and martyrs that stood for the truth taught by Jesus Christ. And she is “THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS” by virtue of having given birth to multitudes of Protestant Trinitarian churches all over the world, committing fornication with the Trinity rather than worshipping “the only true God” (Jhn 17:3) the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.

The reason the Trinity is the majority mainstream Protestant Christian view of God is that her mother established it by force hundreds of years ago. And the reason it remains the majority mainstream view is because of overwhelming pressure to stay conformed to it. Anyone denying the Trinity will be removed, publicly shamed as a blasphemer and heretic, categorized with Jehovah’s Witnesses, and given over to the fear of burning in fire forever. The bottom line is that nobody should dare question this doctrine. They claim it as part of “the faith which was once delivered unto the saints” (Jde 1:3), though it was delivered by the RCC.

Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron; Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. (1 Timothy 4:1-3)

Paul described the RCC here quite descriptively. They forbid their priests from marrying and require abstaining from meat on Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, and all Fridays during Lent. And this is what the Breath spoke expressly or specifically would happen in the latter times.

Jesus Christ was sent by God and never taught the doctrine of the Trinity. He taught that He is the Son of God and that His Father is God and even His God. The doctrine of a Triune God didn’t come from Him! Then from whom did it come? What’s its source? The Breath said that “doctrines of devils” come from those forbidding marriage and requiring abstinence from meat, and the doctrine of the Trinity came from the very organization that fits this description.

We’re told, however, that in the end times God’s people will come out from this woman, “Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues” (Rev 18:4). Within the RCC and Protestant churches are many of God’s people in spite of holding to the doctrine of the Trinity. It’s because they embrace this doctrine in sincere ignorance that God is gracious and merciful to them. But the day will come when they’ll no longer be ignorant of the truth and will be required to either come out or stay and receive of her plagues.

Conclusion

The dilemma faced by Trinitarian theologians is that the more educated, scholarly, and intelligent they are, the less excuse they have for being wrong about this most important doctrine of all—the doctrine of God. Especially since this doctrine is quite simple, logical, and easy to understand:

At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. Even so, Father: for so it seemed good in thy sight. All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him. (Matthew 11:25-27)

It’s easy enough to understand what God the Father and the Son of God said about each other that even a child can understand it! Since theologians are so brilliant, why can’t they? Why reject the simple and logical for the complex and illogical? Why teach a view of God that’s illogical and requires complex and lengthy arguments to attempt to explain? In fact, many of them even surrender and claim that it’s some kind of mystery that nobody can understand. Could it be that “the wise and prudent” just have too much to lose?

By the time Christ came, the Jewish people had developed a religious system with which they had grown comfortable, and it became very difficult to turn away from and forsake. They were in bondage to the doctrines of men and didn’t want to repent and submit to the doctrines of Jesus Christ. They loved the praise of men and didn’t want to be removed from the synagogue, scorned by their own family, and persecuted for following the truth. Unlike most Gentiles, they had too much to lose. The Pharisees in particular, with Saul of Tarsus as the prime example, had the most to lose:

Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee; Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless. But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ. (Philippians 3:5-8)

In a similar way as the Pharisees (and not implying that Trinitarian theologians are Pharisees), Trinitarian theologians and ministers have grown comfortable with the theological and denominational systems to which they belong and have much to lose if they were to admit that the doctrine of the Trinity is false. The far-reaching implications are that if they agree with what the Father and Son said about each other, not only will their theological system topple to rubble but possibly their own ministry and reputation. They earned seminary degrees, wrote books, taught multitudes of messages, established a reputation and name for themselves, and raised untold amounts of money in the process. It’s extremely difficult for them to now tell everyone, “I’m sorry, I was wrong about God.”

What are they going to do? Are they willing to forsake it all in order to continue following Christ, or will they speak against Christ and continue defending their system? “For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?” (Mat 16:26). Many ministers are sincerely innocent in their ignorance. They truly believe what they had been taught in the seminaries and have already built their lives and ministries upon it. Once they come to learn that the doctrine of the Trinity and much of the accompanying theological system is false, it’s extremely difficult for them to forsake it all.

I recognize this dilemma personally because it was very difficult for me to repent of this false doctrine and I’m not even in the ministry. I didn’t have nearly as much to lose as ministers yet it was still a long and difficult process. Therefore, I’m striving to be patient, understanding, and merciful toward those struggling with a similar predicament. I hope to see them free as well.

The names of the 12 apostles will be written on the foundation stones of the wall around the city of Jerusalem that will come down from heaven, “And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb” (Rev 21:14). Jesus said that if we overcome then our names will be written on one of the stones in the wall, “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it” (Rev 2:17).

Where do we want to see our names written? Do we want our names on a church membership roll, on a book, on a building, on the big screen, on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, or on the wall surrounding the New Jerusalem? Until we’re willing to let our own name and reputation become trash, “I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ” (Phl 3:5-8), we’re not worthy of being called by His glorious name. For Him to one day give us a stone in the wall with a new name written, we must forsake our own name and live for the glory of His.

Trinitarian theologians declare that the fight against the doctrine of the Trinity is unrelenting which supposedly indicates that what they teach must be true otherwise people wouldn’t be fighting against it so persistently. But the real reason the fight is unrelenting is because the doctrine of the Trinity is false and they won’t stop teaching it! They claim that history proves Trinitarians have always come out the winners. But of course they’ve always won—they’ve simply cast out any that opposed them. The true winners, however, are not the self-declared but the Christ-declared.

Trinitarian theologians tell us to not only read the Bible but also the books they recommend. This is how they keep everyone on an even-keel with their theological system, ensuring that the Bible continues to be read through the lens of their doctrines. But following the Lord is not about following a theological system or a denomination. It’s about sincerely seeking the truth and submitting ourselves to it once we find it. Their books are not intended to help us with doing that.

He that is of God heareth God’s words: ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God” (Jhn 8:47), “We are of God: he that knoweth God heareth us; he that is not of God heareth not us. Hereby know we the spirit [breath] of truth, and the spirit of error.” (1Jo 4:6). If we are “of God” and “know God” then we will hear the teaching of His Son Jesus Christ and His apostles. We will hear the truth and love the truth that glorifies the Lord and blesses people. This is how we know “the Spirit [Breath] of truth” (Jhn 14:17, 15:26, 16:13; 1Jo 4:6). But if we stubbornly cling to what we know is false, we demonstrate that we really don’t love the Lord or people. We’re more concerned about self-preservation—our own name and reputation, praise from people, comfort, and support.

Paul said that the first piece of “the whole armour of God” (Eph 6:11, 13) is the truth, “Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth” (Eph 6:14). And he had written earlier that the truth is what Jesus Christ taught, “But ye have not so learned Christ; If so be that ye have heard him, and have been taught by him, as the truth is in Jesus” (Eph 4:20-21). The truth that Jesus taught and what Paul wrote in this same letter is “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Eph 1:3), “One God and Father of all” (Eph 4:6). If we’re not submitted to the truth about God that Jesus taught, then we’re not protected with the whole armor but vulnerable to the devil. “Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.” (Mat 5:11-12). But those that are standing for the truth that Jesus Christ taught are doing it for His sake, for His glory and not for themselves. They’re blessed by Him and rejoice exceedingly because of the reward He will give them one day. On the other hand, “For whosoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words, of him shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he shall come in his own glory, and in his Father’s, and of the holy angels” (Luk 9:26).

True Theology – Part 1

Introduction

It has been rightly said that a strong walk with God begins with a right view of God. My walk with God has grown far more in the last couple of years than it did over the prior three decades as a Christian. It’s because I rejected the doctrine of the Trinity as false and began honoring God with a more accurate view of Him.

I had spent about two years trying to avoid studying the doctrine of the Trinity from an objective standpoint in fear that my final conclusion would be that it’s false—I didn’t want it to be false. I understood the personal ramifications and consequences of rejecting what is considered by my fellow brethren to be an essential doctrine for salvation. I realized that I would be seen by some and possibly by many as unsaved, a false teacher, unintelligent, or even a fool. Of course God knew that I was ignoring this subject but wouldn’t allow me to do it any longer. I eventually began studying it and did in fact conclude that it’s false.

The Roman Catholic Church—notorious for numerous false doctrines such as transubstantiation, indulgences, prayer to saints—is also the main purveyor of the doctrine of the Trinity. All false doctrine originates from the devil and ultimately impairs our walk with God. When we’re ignorant and innocent of something being false—when we sincerely assume a doctrine is true though it actually isn’t—God will be merciful and forgiving as he was with Paul, “Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief” (1Ti 1:13). In fact, God kept His plan of salvation hidden in a mystery so that the corrupt religious leaders would crucify His Son yet afterward still have the opportunity to be forgiven in their ignorance, “Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do” (Luk 23:34), “And now, brethren, I wot that through ignorance ye did it, as did also your rulers” (Act 3:17).

However, blasphemy against the Spirit will never be forgiven, “Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men” (Mat 12:31). Once we’re no longer ignorant of the truth yet stubbornly rebel against it, we’re in danger of blaspheming against the Spirit. This is what happened to King Saul, “For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from being king.” (1Sa 15:23), “But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him” (1Sa 16:14). He stubbornly and willfully rebelled against “the word of the Lord,” therefore, “the Spirit of the Lord” left him forever.

Once we know and understand the truth in our hearts yet stubbornly, rebelliously, and willfully sin against it, “For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins” (Heb 10:26), we will never be forgiven. We can’t stubbornly argue with God about the truth and still be in a right relationship with Him.

The Greek diakrino means “to contend,” “to dispute,” or “to argue,” “He staggered [diakrino 1252] not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith [faithfulness], giving glory to God” (Rom 4:20), “But let him ask in faith [faithfulness], nothing wavering [diakrino 1252]. For he that wavereth [diakrino 1252] is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed. For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord. A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.” (Jas 1:6-8). If we’re arguing or contending with God about the truth, then we’re not being faithful servants and we won’t be right before Him. Of course God knows if our hearts are sincerely ignorant or blatantly rebellious.

Scholars and theologians teach that salvation beliefs can be categorized basically into essential and non-essential. That is, certain beliefs must be held in order to be saved while other beliefs are only optional and can be disagreed and debated. Of course they claim that the doctrine of the Trinity is one of the essential beliefs and isn’t open for disagreement, debate, or even discussion. However, this “essential” and “non-essential” belief categorization isn’t entirely accurate. It’s truth that’s essential.

Any and all truth that we’re no longer ignorant about is essential for salvation and righteousness before God. We can’t reject any truth that we sincerely know to be true, and we can’t embrace anything false that we sincerely know to be false. Therefore, once I came to the knowledge that the doctrine of the Trinity is false, it was actually essential for my salvation to NOT believe and hold this doctrine anymore. I couldn’t continue to embrace this false doctrine that I knew in my heart was false and still be right with God. He wouldn’t allow it. God had been merciful to me all of the years that I believed this doctrine because He knew I was sincerely ignorant of the truth. But once I was no longer ignorant, He required it of me.

What is meant by the Greek theos?

The Greek theos for “god” is simply sovereign or ultimate and highest authority. It’s a role, position, or title of a person in authority, not a kind or type of being. The Father is God, not because of what He is as a being, but because of His status as the highest authority over all, including over His Son Jesus Christ. That theos is a role or position of authority is evident by the Son of God Himself using this word for men and also for His Father within the same statement.

Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods [theos 2316]? If he called them gods [theos 2316], unto whom the word of God [theos 2316] came, and the scripture cannot be broken; Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God [theos 2316]? (John 10:34-36)

Jesus said that God called these humans “gods.” But which is it? Were they humans or were they gods? If theos truly is a type of being, then these men were both humans and gods at the same time—a type of Hypostatic Union of two natures! On the other hand, if theos is truly a role, position, title, or status then these men were simply human beings standing in a position of authority in which they could be called “gods” within a limited context of rule and authority. In fact, after declaring “Ye are gods” (Psa 82:6), God then affirmed their humanity, “But ye shall die like men” (Psa 82:7). They were not some kind of divine beings, but merely human beings that would die just like all humans.

This is one of the main problems caused by the doctrine of the Trinity because if theos is actually a kind or type of being then when Jesus became a human being then there had to have been a union of two natures together at the same time or else He would have ceased to be the theos type of being—He would have ceased to be God. But if theos is simply a position of authority, and in this case the highest position of authority which never has been occupied by the Son, then this is a complete non-issue with regards to Him becoming fully human. There really is no dilemma between a theos kind of being and a human kind of being in one person because there is no such thing as a theos kind of being.

Furthermore, if theos is truly a type of being then the statement “I am the God [theos] of Abraham, and the God [theos] of Isaac, and the God [theos] of Jacob” (Mat 22:32), means that God belongs to them as their possession! But since it’s saying that He is Abraham’s God, and Isaac’s God, and Jacob’s God then it’s simply that He is their Ruler. Putting this on a human level, if you’re speaking of your boss at work you wouldn’t say “my human being” but “my boss.” Therefore, theos is not a type of being. To be the God of Abraham is to be the Ruler of Abraham. He’s Abraham’s Boss!

Is God a plurality of Persons?

The Trinitarian claim that the one God exists in a plurality of Persons conflicts with how Christ Himself understood and used the word theos: “Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods [theos]? If he called them gods [theos], unto whom the word of God [theos] came, and the scripture cannot be broken” (Jhn 10:34-35). According to Christ, a plurality of persons is a plurality of gods but a singular Person is the singular God. In other words, theos is singular or plural depending on the number of persons.

Paul also understood and used theos the same way: “For though there be that are called gods [theos], whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods [theos] many, and lords many,) But to us there is but one God [theos], the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.” (1Co 8:5-6). He understood that gods are plural when there is more than one person but singular when there is only one person.

Since multiple persons requires theos to be plural, then multiple Persons in the Trinity demands that Trinitarianism is actually polytheism. Of course Trinitarians flatly deny this and claim that it’s truly monotheism. However, that’s only their claim. Scripture is the authority and there is nothing in Scripture that supports the concept of multiple co-equal persons comprising a singular god.

Take for example the United States Supreme court consisting of nine justices. The reason it’s comprised of an odd number of persons is for the very reason that they’re co-equal but often disagree! And it’s not one justice consisting of nine persons—it’s nine co-equal justices. Thus, nine persons are nine justices. On the other hand, if one justice were to always be completely just, then only one justice would be needed. There’s no purpose for multiple co-equal persons that always agree and are always just.

There is only one God

Of course the Shema in the Old Testament Scriptures defined God as one, “Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD: And thou shalt love The LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.” (Deu 6:4-5). Jesus quoted these words then agreed with the statement of the scribe to whom He was speaking, “And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord … And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he” (Mar 12:29, 32).

These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent. (John 17:1-3)

Here Jesus called His Father “the only true God” and distinguished Himself from Him. It’s not only that Jesus never did call Himself God, but also that He did call His Father God—and even called Him “the only true God.” Paul affirmed this:

As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice unto idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is none other God but one. For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,) But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him. (1 Corinthians 8:4-6).

God the Father is the one and only true God in His role and status as the Sovereign, Almighty, and highest supreme authority over all: “the LORD he is God; there is none else beside him” (Deu 4:35); “Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD” (Deu 6:4); “I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another” (Isa 42:8); “Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any” (Isa 44:8); “I am the LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me … there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else” (Isa 45:5-6); “I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me” (Isa 46:9); “But the LORD is the true God, he is the living God” (Jer 10:10); “there is one God; and there is none other but he” (Mar 12:32); “that they might know thee the only true God” (Jhn 17:3); “there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him” (1Co 8:6); “One God and Father of all, who is above all” (Eph 4:6); “Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well” (Jas 2:19); “For there is one God” (1Ti 2:5).

The Father is God

Trinitarians often use the terms “God the Father,” “God the Son,” and “God the Holy Spirit.” The term “God the Father” is Scriptural and appears several times in the New Testament but the terms “God the Son” and “God the Holy Spirit” are not found even once! It seems these terms were simply coined by Trinitarians to support their doctrine.

It’s quite staggering the number of places we’re told that the Father is God. Below is not a complete listing but only most of the main statements. And many of these also distinguish the Lord Jesus Christ from God the Father. Therefore, it’s not only that the Father is identified as God but also that the Son is not. Furthermore, the Holy Spirit is suspiciously absent as well.

“No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him” (Jhn 1:18); “Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God” (Jhn 5:18); “Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed” (Jhn 6:27); “Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father” (Jhn 6:46); “Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God” (Jhn 13:3); “For the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God” (Jhn 16:27); “Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God” (Jhn 20:17); “Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear” (Act 2:33); “To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ” (Rom 1:7); “That ye may with one mind and one mouth glorify God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (Rom 15:6); “Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ” (1Co 1:3); “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him” (1Co 8:6); “Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power” (1Co 15:24); “Grace be to you and peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort” (2Co 1:2-3); “The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed for evermore, knoweth that I lie not” (2Co 11:31); “Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;) … Grace be to you and peace from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ, Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father” (Gal 1:1, 3-4); “Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ … That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him” (Eph 1:2-3, 17); “One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all” (Eph 4:6); “Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Eph 5:20); “Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ” (Eph 6:23); “Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.” (Phl 1:2); “And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father” (Phl 2:11); “Now unto God and our Father be glory for ever and ever. Amen.” (Phl 4:20); “To the saints and faithful brethren in Christ which are at Colosse: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. We give thanks to God and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, praying always for you” (Col 1:2-3); “And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him” (Col 3:17); “Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ … Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father” (1Th 1:3); “Now God himself and our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you … To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints” (1Th 3:11, 13); “Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ” (2Th 1:1-2); “Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given us everlasting consolation and good hope through grace” (2Th 2:16); “Unto Timothy, my own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord” (1Ti 1:2); “To Timothy, my dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord” (2Ti 1:2); “To Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour” (Tit 1:4); “Grace to you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ” (Phm 1:3); “Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world” (Jas 1:27); “Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God” (Jas 3:9); “Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead” (1Pe 1:2-3); “For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased” (2Pe 1:17); “Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love” (2Jo 1:3); Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ, and called” (Jde 1:1); “And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.” (Rev 1:6)

Jesus Christ claimed to be the Son of God

Jesus is called and also called Himself the Son of God: “that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God” (Luk 1:35); “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona” (Mat 16:16-17); “If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross … for he said, I am the Son of God” (Mat 27:40, 43); “Truly this man was the Son of God” (Mar 15:39); “Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am.” (Luk 22:70); “Dost thou believe on the Son of God? … Thou hast both seen him, and it is he that talketh with thee” (Jhn 9:35, 37); “Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?” (Jhn 10:36); “that the Son of God might be glorified thereby” (Jhn 11:4); “We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God” (Jhn 19:7).

Several times Jesus called Himself and was acknowledged as having called Himself “the Son of God” but never once did He call Himself “God.” In fact, calling Himself “the Son of God” is actually distinguishing Himself from God—that He is not God but His Son. God is not His Son but has a Son, and His Son is not God but is His Son. If, for example, someone claimed to be the son of the President of the United States we wouldn’t have any difficulty understanding that they’re not claiming to be the President but his son.

Trinitarians have much difficulty deflecting this truth because truth is hard to fight! It’s a bit humorous that when they must address this issue they usually preface it by saying, “Some people say that Jesus never claimed to be God,” as if nervously reluctant to even start. Their typical approach begins with either glossing over the claim “Son of God” to actually mean “God,” or else not even mentioning at all that “Son of God” is what He actually did claim. Then they use various statements from Scripture to build convincing arguments that He really did claim to be God. One such example is the following passage:

The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God. Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods? If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken; Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God? (John 10:33-36)

When the Jews accused Him of blasphemy saying “thou, being a man, makest thyself God” (Jhn 10:33), they weren’t accusing Him of claiming to be the one true God as some translations even render it, “you, a mere man, claim to be God” (NIV), “you, a man, are claiming to be God” (NET). Rather, that He was breaking the First Commandment, “Thou shalt have no other gods before me” (Exo 20:3). His reply “Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?” indicates this as being their accusation. Of course He was quoting from David’s Psalm, “I have said, Ye are gods” (Psa 82:6), where God was reminding His people that He had called their rulers “gods” when He said, “Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people” (Exo 22:28). But this was after “the word of God came” to them through Moses. What this means is that “the word of God” or the commandment “Thou shalt have no other gods before me,” was not being broken by God Himself later calling them “gods” in His statement, “Thou shalt not revile the gods.” So long as these men ruled as gods in submission and subordination to His authority as the one true God then there was no blasphemy. They were not breaking the First Commandment “Thou shalt have no other gods before me,” and this was also true with the Son of God because He always submitted to His Father.

His statement “whom the Father hath sanctified” is about the Father Himself setting apart His Son from everyone else that had been baptized by John, “And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased” (Mat 3:17). Since God Himself called Jesus “my beloved Son” from heaven, what was wrong with Jesus calling Himself the Son of God? He was simply calling Himself what God had already called Him.

In the early church, the belief that Jesus is the Son of God is what they preached: “But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God” (Jhn 20:31); “I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God” (Act 8:37); “And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God” (Act 9:20); “For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us” (2Co 1:19); “Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God” (1Jo 4:15); “he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God? … These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God” (1Jo 5:5, 13).

Trinitarians can’t legitimately argue against what the Father and Son both claimed and didn’t claim. Jesus never called Himself “God,” and God never called Jesus “God.” God called Jesus “my beloved Son,” and Jesus called Himself “the Son of God.” Who dare say otherwise?

The Son was begotten of the Father

“The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water. Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth” (Proverbs 8:22-25)

“And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten [monogenes 3439] of the Father,) full of grace and truth … No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten [monogenes 3439] Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him” (John 1:14, 18)

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten [monogenes 3439] Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life … He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten [monogenes 3439] Son of God” (John 3:16, 18)

“If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me” (John 8:42)

“For the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God. I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father.” (John 16:27-28).

“In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten [monogenes 3439] Son into the world, that we might live through him.” (1 John 4:19)

Since God has no beginning but has always existed, and Jesus is God in the Trinitarian view, then Trinitarians can’t embrace the truth that Jesus was actually brought forth or begotten because this would mean that He had a beginning. Thus they had to invent the nonsensical claim that the Son is somehow eternally begotten or eternally generated which is an oxymoron.

Jesus claimed of Himself, “I proceeded forth and came from God” (Jhn 8:42), “I came out from God. I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world” (Jhn 16:27-28). That He “proceeded forth” and “came out from God” speaks of His own beginning when He was begotten “out from God” before He was “come into the world.” Those are His words about Himself!

At some point prior to the creation of the heavens and the earth, the Son was begotten of God, “When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water. Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth.” God became the Father by virtue of having begotten His Son, and the Son came into being by virtue of having been begotten by God.

The Greek monogenes for “only-begotten” or “only-born” in John 3:16 was maintained in mostly the older English versions: “only begotten Son” (ASV, BRG, DRA, GNV, JUB, KJV, MEV, NASB, NKJV, RGT); “only-begotten” (DARBY, EHV); “one begotten Son” (WYC); “only-born Son” (DLNT); “His Son – the only begotten” (YLT).

Sadly, many newer versions obscure the concept of begetting by rendering it: “one and only Son” (CSB, HCSB, LEB, MSG, MOUNCE, NCV, NET, NIRV, NIV, NLT, TLV, WEB); “only Son” (CEB, CEV, ERV, ESV, GW, GNT, ICB, PHILLIPS, TLB, NOG, NABRE, NLV, NMB, NRSV, RSV, VOICE, WE); “only and unique Son” (CJB); “uniquely existing Son” (ISV); “only, special son” (NTE); “one and only, unique Son” (TPT). Why conceal this? What’s the agenda?

The Son was the same kind of divine being as His Father

Paul began his letter to the Romans, “Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord” (Rom 1:3), and went on to say, “Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse” (Rom 1:19-20). He was revealing that the creation itself teaches us that God has a Son after His kind:

“the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kindand herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind … the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind … bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind … the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind” (Gen 1:11-12, 21, 24-25)

The Father is a divine kind of being and brought forth His Son as the exact same kind of divine being prior to creating all life to beget in a similar way. The procreation within the creation is patterned after this begetting. Therefore, the unbelieving Jews are without excuse for rejecting Jesus of Nazareth as the only begotten Son of God because the creation itself teaches this.

Since Jesus was begotten as the same kind of divine being with the same substance as His Father, He was equal with Him in power so that He was able to create the entire universe out of nothing, ex nihilo. Yet, at the same time He was not God! Only the Father occupies the position of God. The Son’s divine power was because He was a divine being just like His Father.

The plurality of the Creator

And God [elohiym 430] said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God [elohiym 430] created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. (Genesis 1:26-27)

The use of plural personal pronouns in the creation account certainly indicates at least a second Person present but not necessarily a third Person as Trinitarians claim. In verse 26, God the Father was speaking to His Son and stating that they would make mankind after their image. Since the first Person—identified as God—spoke to the second Person using plural pronouns, this implies that only the first Person is God. And the switch to singular personal pronouns for God in verse 27 further substantiates this. Because both the Father and the Son were the same kind of being, therefore, man was said to be created after their image.

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.” (John 1:1-3)

“And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ” (Ephesians 3:9)

“Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light: Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear SonFor by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him” (Colossians 1:12-13, 16)

God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds” (Hebrews 1:1-2)

The New Testament writers revealed that God the Father created all things by the agency of His Son. If someone, for example, sold their house by employing the service of a real estate agent, although the agent actually did the work, the homeowner still says that they sold their house. Thus, when we are told, “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them,” it was actually the Son that had “formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life” (Gen 2:7), “And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from the man, made he a woman” (Gen 2:22), but is said to have been God.

All of the instances in Genesis chapter one where it’s recorded “And God said,” it wasn’t God speaking things into existence as typically claimed but rather that God the Father was speaking to His Son and telling Him what to create. This idea is corroborated by the statement, “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness.” Here He wasn’t speaking anything into existence but was simply speaking to His Son and telling Him what to create. This was also the case in every occurrence of “And God said” in the creation account. For example: in the very first act of creation, “And God said, Let there be light: and there was light,” it wasn’t God speaking light into existence but rather the Father saying to His Son “Let there be light” followed by the Son creating the light.

Now, throughout the six days of creation and seventh day of rest, only the term Elohiym for “God” is used. But beginning in Genesis 2:4 and through the rest of the chapter, the term Yehovah Elohiym for “the LORD God” is used. Again, this supports only two Persons involved in the creation: the first Person Elohiym is God the Father, and the second Person Yehovah Elohiym is the Son of God.

God the Father [Elohiym] directed His Son [Yehovah Elohiym] to make both male and female human beings after their image, “And God [Elohiym] said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness … So God [Elohiym] created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.” The narrative then details the event of His Son [Yehovah Elohiym] making both male and female after their image, “And the LORD God [Yehovah Elohiym] formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life,” “And the rib, which the LORD God [Yehovah Elohiym] had taken from the man, made he a woman.

God didn’t speak the animals into existence either but spoke to His Son followed by His Son forming them, “And God [Elohiym] said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven … And God [Elohiym] said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so” (Gen 1:20, 24), “And out of the ground the LORD God [Yehovah Elohiym] formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air” (Gen 2:19). Furthermore, the heavens and the earth were not spoken into existence by God but were formed by the Son of God’s hands:

“Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet” (Psa 8:6); “Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet” (Heb 2:7-8)

“Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands” (Psa 102:25); “And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands” (Heb 1:10)

“When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained” (Psa 8:3)

“The sea is his, and he made it: and his hands formed the dry land” (Psa 95:5)

“Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands command ye me. I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.” (Isa 45:11-12)

Also, it was the Son of God that called to Adam after he sinned, “And the LORD God [Yehovah Elohiym] called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?” (Gen 3:9). And it was the Son of God that cursed the serpent, “And the LORD God [Yehovah Elohiym] said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed” (Gen 3:14). And finally, it was the Son of God that now spoke to His Father using a plural pronoun, “And the LORD God [Yehovah Elohiym] said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil” (Gen 3:22).

The Son is equal with the Father

“Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal [isos 2470] with God” (Phl 2:6). That He was “equal with God” speaks of His divinity and deity with God the Father by virtue of being His Son, and this is also how the Jews understood what He claimed of Himself, “Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal [isos 2470] with God” (Jhn 5:18).

To be “equal with God” doesn’t mean that He is God any more than the laborers that came last into the vineyard actually are the laborers that came first, “Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal [isos 2470] unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day” (Mat 20:12). Rather, those that came last were given a similar level of equality with those that came first.

It’s because of possessing the same level of divine equality that the Father spoke to His Son using plural pronouns, “And God [Elohiym] said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness” (Gen 1:26), and the Son likewise spoke to His Father using plural pronouns, “And the LORD God [Yehovah Elohiym] said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil” (Gen 3:22).

In the Old Testament, the Malak Yehovah or Messenger of Jehovah was the pre-incarnate Son of God, “And the angel [malak 4397] of the LORD [Yehovah 3068] called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time, And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD” (Gen 22:15-16). Unbelieving Jews, denying that Jesus of Nazareth is the Son of God, argued that this messenger was simply an angelic being. But the writer of Hebrews disputed, “Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?”(Heb 1:4-5), “For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself” (Heb 6:13). The Messenger of Jehovah was equal with God—He swore by Himself because there is nobody greater! This is not true with actual angelic beings, “And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven, And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever” (Rev 10:5-6).

Hypostatic Union

Hypostatic Union is a necessary byproduct of the Trinity. Since Trinitarians believe that God is a type of being and that Jesus is God, then His incarnation causes big problems with their view because God can’t cease being God which would be true when becoming human. God becoming something else would be the end of the doctrine of the Trinity and the end of God! Therefore, they must make the illogical claim that He is still 100% God even after becoming 100% human; that He has two fully complete but mutually exclusive natures in one person or being—Hypostatic Union. But nothing can be 100% one thing and 100% another thing at the same time. This is logically impossible. Although God cannot do what is logically impossible yet in the Trinitarian view, He somehow can. Violating rules of reason and sound logic just shows their desperation to make this false doctrine work. To be 100% one kind of being and 100% another kind of being at the same time requires two 100% beings or two persons. Therefore, in the Trinitarian view, the Second Person is actually two Persons!

But actually, the doctrine of the Hypostatic Union is quite unnecessary because there is no issue with the joining of two natures or types of beings since theos is not a nature or a type of being. There is no issue with God ceasing to be God in the incarnation because the Son of God never has been God but His Son.

A dual kind of being also flies in the face of what is known of God from the creation of the world, “Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made” (Rom 1:19-20). John said in two different writings, “No man hath seen God at any time” (Jhn 1:18; 1Jo 4:12). We can’t see Him because He is invisible but we can understand Him as the Father and His only begotten Son by the way things were made to beget. Not only was every kind of being made to beget after its kind, but also every kind of being begotten is only one kind of being—there are no dual kinds of beings in the world! If the Son of God is truly a dual kind of being then the creation would reflect dual kinds of beings for our understanding,“being understood by the things that are made.”

Jesus was born of a virgin

John gave the clear distinction between those who are of God and those who are not: “For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh” (1Jo 1:7), “Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God” (1Jo 4:2-3). That “Jesus Christ is come in the flesh” means two main things: (1) He pre-existed His humanity; (2) He became fully human like us in every regard.

The Son of God is utterly unique from us because He pre-existed His humanity—He came down from heaven into this world: “The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old” (Pro 8:22); “He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for he was before me” (Jhn 1:15); “And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven” (Jhn 3:13); “For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world … For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me” (Jhn 6:33, 38); “Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am” (Jhn 8:58); “And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was” (Jhn 17:5); “The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven” (1Co 15:47); “And he is before all things, and by him all things consist” (Col 1:17).

We all have a human father but Jesus Christ was born of a virgin because God is His Father: “And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel” (Gen 3:15); “Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel” (Isa 7:14); “Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us” (Mat 1:23); “And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God” (Luk 1:35); “But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law” (Gal 4:4).

The Son of God became flesh

And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth” (Jhn 1:14); “But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men” (Phl 2:7); “Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same” (Heb 2:14).

Trinitarians claim that “the Word was made flesh” means that He “took on” flesh, assumed flesh, or added flesh to what He already was. Some even phrase it as “the flesh covered Word,” that He was simply cloaked with flesh. But “made flesh” means that He actually became flesh, a different kind or type of being than He was before—a human being. Saying that He only “took on” flesh is actually denying that He truly became flesh; the very confession John warned us about, “who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh” (1Jo 1:7), “And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God” (1Jo 4:3).

This erroneous concept of the incarnation is not only the result of Trinitarians having a wrong view of God but also a wrong view of man. I plan to address the ontology of man in a separate writing but will quickly mention it here. Man is simply a physical being animated by the Breath of God, “And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul” (Gen 2:7), “for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return” (Gen 3:19). He is dust. When he dies he is truly dead and can only live again by a resurrection from the grave.

Trinitarians, on the other hand, believe that man is some kind of a spiritual, non-physical being living inside a physical body that continues to live disembodied after death. And because man is supposedly a spirit being in a body as if wearing flesh like a suit of clothes, this correlates to their view of the Son of God’s incarnation—that He “took on” flesh over what He already was as if putting on flesh like a suit. But if we understand that man is strictly a physical being then “the Word was made flesh” truly means that the Son of God became or transitioned into a physical, flesh and blood being. He went from the divine kind of being He was, to the human kind of being He is now. Thus when He died and was buried, He truly was dead until He was brought to life again by resurrection, “I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen” (Rev 1:18).

“Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation [kenoo 2758], and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men” (Phl 2:6-7). Rather than “made himself of no reputation,” many versions render it much more correctly as “emptied himself.” Paul was saying that although the Son was equal with His Father in divinity and deity, He emptied Himself of this and was “made in the likeness of men.” That He emptied Himself means that He forever relinquished His divinity to become human just like we are.

The Son of God became just like we are so that in the resurrection we will be just like He is:  “And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly” (1Co 15:49); “Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body” (Phl 3:21); “When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory” (Col 3:4); “but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is” (1Jo 3:2). If He is a divine being in the flesh, then by correlation we also will be divine beings in the flesh.

Trinitarians sometimes call Christ the God-Man, but this isn’t what Paul called Him, “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus” (1Ti 2:5). The mediator between God and men is not the God-Man but “the man Christ Jesus.” Many statements testify that the Son of Man is in heaven right now and the Son of Man is coming but nothing about a God-Man: “one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven” (Dan 7:13); “For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels … the Son of man coming in his kingdom” (Mat 16:27-28); “when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory” (Mat 19:28); “so shall also the coming of the Son of man be … And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven … and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory … so shall also the coming of the Son of man be … so shall also the coming of the Son of man be … for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh” (Mat 24:27, 30, 37, 39, 44); “for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh … When the Son of man shall come in his glory” (Mat 25:13, 31); “Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven” (Mat 26:64); “of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels” (Mar 8:38); “And then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory” (Mar 13:26); “and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven” (Mar 14:62); “of him shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he shall come in his own glory, and in his Father’s, and of the holy angels” (Luk 9:26); “Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?” (Luk 18:8); “And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory” (Luk 21:27); “Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God” (Luk 22:69); “even the Son of man which is in heaven” (Jhn 3:13); “Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God” (Act 7:56); “one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle” (Rev 1:13); “And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man” (Rev 14:14).

The Son’s sacrifice for us

Trinitarians claim that Jesus had to be God in the flesh in order to pay the price for our sins as a sacrifice. But really this is just a ploy to argue what they want to prove. They want to prove that Jesus is God in the flesh so they came up with this argument to help support it. The sacrifice for our sins, however, is the perfect sacrifice God Himself provided and accepted: “God will provide himself a lamb” (Gen 22:8); “Your lamb shall be without blemish” (Exo 12:5); “Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world” (Jhn 1:29). If God chose to provide and accept His own Son, fully human and perfectly sinless, as the sacrifice for our sins then that is His prerogative to do so. Nobody can tell Him what He must accept—that the sacrifice must be a God-Man.

Furthermore, by claiming that Jesus had to be God in order to die as an acceptable sacrifice for our sins, Trinitarians opened a whole new can of worms—God can’t die! As if they didn’t already have enough illogical problems to deal with. But since God can’t die then they have to claim that only His humanity died. However, if only His humanity died then why argue that He had to be God to die for our sins?

The true sacrifice the Son of God made began with Him forever relinquishing His divinity by becoming fully human, “Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery [harpagmos 725] to be equal with God” (Phl 2:6). That He “thought it not robbery” conveys little of what is actually being said. The Greek harpagamos means “seized,” “grasped,” “held onto,” “prized,” or “retained.” There are many Bible versions that render it much more correctly as “a thing to be grasped.” It’s saying that He didn’t esteem His deity and divinity as something difficult to surrender by grasping and clinging to it. In other words, He was eager and willing to make that sacrifice for us. Retaining His divinity as Trinitarians claim actually diminishes the true sacrifice He made.

After relinquishing His divinity and becoming human, He suffered a life of temptation, humiliation, and rejection, culminating in the shameful and painful death on the cross. And finally, He is now and forever will be a human being with holes in His hands, feet, and side. What a wonderful and glorious Savior we have!

In the beginning, was the Word

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God.” (Jhn 1:1-2). Twice in this statement the Word is said to have been “with God” in the beginning. To be with someone indicates that two persons are together but distinct from each other. Only one of these two can actually be God while the other is with God. John began his first letter similarly, “That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life; (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;)” (1Jo 1:1-2). Here he stated clearly that it’s the Father that is God and the Word was with Him. Furthermore, a definite article is in both statements “the Word was with [the] God … The same was in the beginning with [the] God” but not in “the Word was God.” John didn’t say “the Word was [the] God.”

Is the Son of God literally “the Word” (Jhn 1:1)? Is He literally “the Light” (Jhn 1:7)? Obviously these are figures of speech describing His mission or purpose on earth and what He is like. The same is true of “the light was the life” (Jhn 1:4). Light is not actually life, and life is not actually light. These are metaphors which is a figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as being the other thing even though it actually isn’t. John employed similar metaphors even for God Himself, “God is light” (1Jo 1:5), “God is love” (1Jo 4:8, 16). Of course God is not actually light or love but because God shows the characteristics of light and love to such a degree that metaphorical equality with them is warranted. That “the Word was God” (Jhn 1:1) is also a metaphor is attested by the Word Himself:

Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father? Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works. (John 14:9-10)

Jesus is the Word because the words He spoke were not of Himself but of the Father. It’s because “No man hath seen God at any time” (Jhn 1:8) that when they saw Him, they were seeing the Father. He was like God the Father to such perfection that metaphorical equivalence, “the Word was God,” is justified. We’re told in other places: “Christ, who is the image of God” (2Co 4:4); “Who is the image of the invisible God” (Col 1:15); “Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person” (Heb 1:3). When people saw the Son of God, they were seeing God the Father metaphorically. Therefore, “the Word was God.”

Jesus ministered as the Prophet

It’s argued by Trinitarians that the miracles, signs, and wonders Jesus performed prove that He is God. But since the prophets and apostles also performed miracles, signs, and wonders, doesn’t this also prove that they are God? Trinitarians are unaware that the implication of their argument is that God is far more than just three Persons! He is the Father, Son, Holy Spirit, Moses, Elijah, Elisha, Peter, Paul, and even Phillip.

However, we are told specifically that the miracles, signs, and wonders Jesus performed were because God was with Him doing the works: “we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him” (Jhn 3:2); “the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works” (Jhn 14:10); “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him” (Act 10:38). Obviously, if God was with Him and God was doing the works then Jesus is not God. Jesus Himself stated that He could do nothing of His own self, “The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do” (Jhn 5:19), “I can of mine own self do nothing” (Jhn 5:30), which were in reference to the miracle He had just performed in healing the impotent man at the pool of Bethesda (Jhn 5:1-15).

Jesus Christ is the Prophet that Moses foretold would come, “The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren … I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren” (Deu 18:15, 18), and the people acknowledged Him as that Prophet: “This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee” (Mat 21:11); “That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath visited his people” (Luk 7:16); “Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world” (Jhn 6:14); “When Christ cometh, will he do more miracles than these which this man hath done? … Of a truth this is the Prophet” (Jhn 7:31, 40).

As the Prophet, He worked miracles no differently than the prophets Elijah and Elisha. They worked miracles by the Spirit of God upon them, “And it came to pass, when they were gone over, that Elijah said unto Elisha, Ask what I shall do for thee, before I be taken away from thee. And Elisha said, I pray thee, let a double portion of thy spirit be upon me.” (2Ki 2:9). Jesus performed miracles, signs, and wonders by the anointing of the Holy Spirit, “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him” (Act 10:38). There is no record of Him performing any miracles before the Spirit coming upon Him at His baptism. In fact, we’re even told that turning water into wine was His first miracle which was after He was baptized, “This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee” (Jhn 2:11).

Of course Trinitarians also claim that the times Jesus knew people’s thoughts prove He is God: “Why reason ye these things in your hearts?” (Mar 2:8); “And Jesus knowing their thoughts” (Mar 9:4); “But he knew their thoughts” (Luk 6:8); “And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their heart” (Luk 9:47); “But he, knowing their thoughts” (Luk 11:17). But knowing certain people’s thoughts at times doesn’t correlate to Him knowing all people’s thoughts all the time. The Father simply allowed Him to know people’s thoughts at certain times by the power of the Holy Spirit. Upholding the doctrine of the Trinity requires accepting the ridiculous notion that Jesus knew everyone’s thoughts in the entire world even while a baby in the manger, and even while in His mother’s womb. Isaiah, however, prophesied that He would grow in the knowledge of good and evil:

Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good. For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings. (Isaiah 7:14-16)

Likewise, Luke told us that He not only grew in height but also in wisdom, “And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man” (Luk 2:52). How can God grow in wisdom? Trinitarians will likely resort to their trusty dual nature argument—that it was His human part that grew in wisdom and stature but His God part didn’t.

This is how they respond to the dilemma that “God cannot be tempted with evil” (Jam 1:13), yet He was tempted just as we are, “For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted” (Heb 2:18), “was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin” (Heb 4:15). It was supposedly His outward humanity that was tempted, not His inward deity.

And Jesus said, Who touched me? When all denied, Peter and they that were with him said, Master, the multitude throng thee and press thee, and sayest thou, Who touched me? And Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me: for I perceive that virtue is gone out of me.” (Luk 8:45-46). If He knew everything all the time, then why didn’t He know who touched Him at this time? He even said that the only reason He knew someone had touched Him was because He perceived virtue had gone out of Him. Was He just pretending to not really know? Mark’s version states, “And Jesus, immediately knowing in himself that virtue had gone out of him” (Mar 5:30). God doesn’t immediately know anything because He has always known everything.

Then of course Trinitarians simply have no viable explanation for Him not even knowing when He would return, “But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father” (Mar 13:32). He would have known this if He truly still possessed all of His divine powers. The fact that only the Father knew this affirms that only the Father is God.

The Son is under the Father’s authority

Jesus Christ’s power, authority, and name are not inherent in Himself but given to Him by God the Father which Scripture attests in many places: “Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool” (Psa 110:1); “All things are delivered unto me of my Father” (Mat 11:27); “All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth” (Mat 28:18); “The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand” (Jhn 3:35); “Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands” (Jhn 13:3); “for my Father is greater than I” (Jhn 14:28); “Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted” (Act 2:33); “Him hath God exalted” (Act 5:31); “For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him. And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all” (1Co 15:27-28); “And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church” (Eph 1:22); “Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name” (Phl 2:9); “he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they” (Heb 1:4); “Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet” (Heb 2:8); “angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him” (1Pe 3:22); “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing” (Rev 5:12).

As a human son is equal in humanity with his father but not in authority, so it is in a similar way with the Son of God and His Father. It makes no sense in the Trinitarian view that the Son of God is co-equal with His Father God. Furthering the confusion is that there is supposedly a third Person, not even part of the family, but also co-equal with the Father and with the Son.

It’s recognized by most Christians that Joseph’s life is allegorical and prophetic of Jesus Christ. But when Joseph was raised up from the dungeon and seated with Pharaoh on the throne in power over Egypt, he was not co-equal but second in authority, “Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou … And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him ruler over all the land of Egypt” (Gen 41:40, 43).

The throne is God the Father’s

The throne in heaven is God the Father’s as Jesus Himself said, “I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne” (Rev 3:21). Jesus Christ is always said to be seated at God’s right hand. We’re never told that God is seated next to the Son at His left hand. Why would this emphasis always be made if they’re co-equal? Also, we’re never told of another seat on the throne for a supposed third co-equal Person.

“Sit thou at my right hand” (Psa 110:1); “being by the right hand of God exalted” (Act 2:33); “who is even at the right hand of God” (Rom 8:34); “set him at his own right hand” (Eph 1:20); “Christ sitteth on the right hand of God” (Col 3:1); “sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high” (Heb 1:3); “who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens” (Heb 8:1); “sat down on the right hand of God” (Heb 10:12); “is set down at the right hand of the throne of God” (Heb 12:2); “is on the right hand of God” (1Pe 3:22).

The Father is Jesus’ God

Not only is Jesus Christ not God Himself, but Jesus Christ Himself has a God—His Father is His God. God cannot have a God because then He wouldn’t be God. Jesus is not God because He has a God. God is the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ and also the God of our Lord Jesus Christ.

“My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? … O my God, I cry in the daytime … thou art my God from my mother’s belly” (Psa 22:1-2, 10); “I delight to do thy will, O my God” (Psa 40:8); “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” (Mat 27:46; Mar 15:34), “I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God” (Jhn 20:17); “God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Rom 15:6); “And ye are Christ’s; and Christ is God’s” (1Co 3:23); “the head of Christ is God” (1Co 11:3); “The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (2Co 11:31); “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Eph 1:3); “That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory” (Eph 1:17); “God and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Col 1:3); “therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows” (Heb 1:9); “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (1Pe 1:3); “Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God” (Rev 3:12).

The Breath from the beginning

“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit [ruwach 7307] of God moved upon the face of the waters” (Gen 1:1-2). The Hebrew ruwach in this very first statement of the creation account is translated “Spirit” as if it’s a type of being or a person. However, the second occurrence of ruwach in Scripture is within a context where it’s a wind or a breeze, “And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool [ruwach 7307] of the day” (Gen 3:8), “the time of the evening breeze” (CSB), “the breezy time of the day” (NET), “the breeze of the day” (YLT).

Throughout the Old Testament Scriptures, where context forced the translators to render ruwach literally as “wind” or “breath” they had no choice but to oblige: “All in whose nostrils was the breath [ruwach 7307] of life” (Gen 7:22); “And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind [ruwach 7307] to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged” (Gen 8:1); “And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and the LORD brought an east wind [ruwach 7307] upon the land all that day, and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind [ruwach 7307] brought the locusts” (Exo 10:13); “And there went forth a wind [ruwach 7307] from the LORD, and brought quails from the sea” (Num 11:31); “at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath [ruwach 7307] of his nostrils” (2Sa 22:16); “By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath [ruwach 7307] of his nostrils are they consumed” (Job 4:9).

But where the context allowed a degree of liberty, Trinitarian translators capitalized by rendering it “spirit” to be consistent with their doctrinal bias: “And the Spirit [ruwach 7307] of God moved upon the face of the waters.” (Gen 1:2); “And the LORD said, My spirit [ruwach 7307] shall not always strive with man” (Gen 6:3); “Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit [ruwach 7307] of God is?” (Gen 41:38); “And the Spirit [ruwach 7307] of the LORD came upon him” (Jdg 3:10).

The same is observed with its Greek counterpart pneuma—it’s rendered “wind” when the context forces it but “spirit” when the context allows: “The wind [pneuma 4151] bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit [Pneuma 4151]” (Jhn 3:8).

Both ruwach and pneuma literally mean “wind” or “breath,” but they are also used figuratively conveying the idea of unseen forces such as inner human emotions and external influences: “I will speak in the anguish of my spirit [ruwach 7307]” (Job 7:11); “Hereby know we the spirit [pneuma 4151] of truth, and the spirit [pneuma 4151] of error” (1Jo 4:6); “For God hath not given us the spirit [pneuma 4151] of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind” (2Ti 1:7).

The bottom line is that when these words are used in relation to God as with “Breath [ruwach 7307] of God [elohiym 430]” and “Breath [pneuma 4151] of God [theos 2316],” rather than assuming the literal meaning of “Breath” (to be consistent with sound interpretation which defaults to the literal unless there is compelling contextual reason to resort to the metaphorical), the translators rendered them metaphorically as “Spirit.” Their compelling reason, evidently, is their own Trinitarian doctrinal bias they’re imposing upon the Scriptures.

Furthermore, translating Greek neuter-gender pronouns into English personal, masculine pronouns just punctuates their agenda. For example: “The Spirit itself” (Rom 8:16, 26 KJV, DBY, WEB), is rendered “The Spirit himself” (ASV, CSB, ESV, HNV, NET, NKJV, RSV, YLT).

The Breath according to Jesus

In the Gospel of John chapters 14-16, Jesus spoke to His disciples about the Holy Breath of God as if it’s a person. However, He concluded this discourse by explaining that He had been speaking figuratively, “These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs: but the time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but I shall shew you plainly of the Father” (Jhn 16:25). Rather than “in proverbs,” other translations have “figures of speech,” “figurative language,” and “figuratively.” Although Jesus Himself said that He had been speaking figuratively, Trinitarians say otherwise. They disagree with Him and take it literally instead.

Jesus also told His disciples that the time would come when He would “shew you plainly of the Father.” That time came after His resurrection, “Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost” (Jhn 20:21-22). As the Father had sent Jesus in the power of His Breath, Jesus was now sending them in the same power of the Father’s Breath. It’s not a person but simply the Breath of the Father God as He now showed them plainly by breathing on them.

When Jesus informed His disciples that He had been speaking to them figuratively, He was referring not only to what He had just said to them about the Holy Breath, but also to many things He had been telling them during His ministry. Here are just a few examples: “Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you” (Jhn 6:53). Are we to literally eat Christ’s flesh and drink His blood? “I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep” (Jhn 10:11). Is Jesus literally a Shepherd? Were the disciples following Him literally sheep? “I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman … I am the vine, ye are the branches” (Jhn 15:1, 5). Is Jesus literally a Vine? Is His Father literally a Husbandman? Were the disciples literally branches? And concerning the Holy Breath, “He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. (But this spake he of the Spirit [Breath], which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost [Breath] was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)” (Jhn 7:38-39). Now, Trinitarians certainly aren’t going to say that the Holy Breath is literally “rivers of living water” because then they would be denying Personhood. But since they must admit Jesus was speaking figuratively here, they can’t insist He was speaking literally of a Person later, especially since Jesus Himself said He was speaking figuratively!

And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter [parakletos 3875], that he may abide [meno 3306] with you for ever; Even the Spirit [Breath] of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth [meno 3306] with you, and shall be in you. I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you. (John 14:16-18)

Here He was speaking of Himself as “the Spirit [Breath] of truth” that would abide or dwell with them. That “he may abide [meno 3306] with you” and “he dwelleth [meno 3306] with you” is about Himself is evident by Him then saying, “my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode [mone 3438] with him,” “These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present [meno 3306] with you” (Jhn 14:25). The Greek verb meno is in the present active tense. The disciples would know the Breath of truth when He comes because He has already been present with them and dwelling with them for over three years.

The Parakletos or Comforter, Helper, or Advocate that Jesus spoke about figuratively as if another Person (Jhn 14:16, 26, 15:26, 16:7), John later wrote that it’s actually the Person of Jesus Christ Himself, “My little children, these things I write to you, so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate [Parakletos] with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.” (1Jo 2:1). He is the righteous Parakletos at the right hand of the Father which is how He described Himself in His role as the Parakletos, “of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more” (Jhn 16:10). We don’t see Him anymore because the tomb is empty and He ascended to the right hand of the Father. His resurrection and ascension, therefore, proves that He is our righteous Advocate at the Father’s right hand.

Paul also understood that the Holy Breath is the presence of Christ advocating or making intercession for us to the Father, “the Spirit [Breath] of Christ” (Rom 8:9), “the Spirit [Breath] itself maketh intercession for us” (Rom 8:26), “he maketh intercession for the saints” (Rom 8:27), “It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us” (Rom 8:34).

The reason Jesus spoke of the Breath as a Person is because it is Himself, and He is a Person! In the book of Revelation, Jesus Christ gave messages to the seven churches in Asia and ends each one with “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit [Breath] saith unto the churches” (Rev 2:7, 11, 17, 29, 3:6, 13, 22). He was calling Himself “the Breath.”

The Holy Breath

The “Spirit [Breath] of God” belongs to God or is a possession of God. If it’s a third co-equal Person, then the third Person belongs to the first Person as His possession. The reason the Breath belongs to God is simply because it’s His Breath. It’s the Breath of the Father or the Father’s Breath: “For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit [Breath] of your Father which speaketh in you” (Mat 10:20); “If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit [Breath] to them that ask him?” (Luk 11:13); “But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit [Breath] of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me” (Jhn 15:26); “Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost [Breath]” (Jhn 20:21-22).

The Holy Breath is God’s Breath because all Scripture was given through the mouths of prophets by the Holy Breath: “For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost [Breath]” (2Pe 1:21); “the Holy Ghost [Breath] by the mouth of David spake” (Act 1:16); “spake the Holy Ghost [Breath] by Esaias the prophet” (Act 28:25). Paul told us that “All scripture is given by inspiration of God” (2Ti 3:16), or that it was “God-breathed” (YLT), “breathed out by God” (ESV).

When Jesus died on the cross, He committed His own breath to His Father then breathed out or exhaled: “Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost [breath]” (Mat 27:50); “And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost [exhaled]” (Mar 15:37); “And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit [breath]: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost [exhaled]” (Luk 23:46); “When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost [breath]” (Jhn 19:30). This is what Paul meant by “We having the same spirit [breath] of faith [faithfulness], according as it is written, I believed [trusted], and therefore have I spoken; we also believe [trust], and therefore speak; Knowing that he which raised up the Lord Jesus shall raise up us also by Jesus, and shall present us with you.” (2Co 4:13-14). Christ was faithful to His Father in going to the cross to die for our sins then committed or trusted His breath to His Father, “Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit [breath].” Likewise, we are to be faithful to Christ then commit our breath to Him, “And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit [breath]” (Act 7:59).

When God the Father raised Jesus from the dead, He breathed life back into Him, “This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost [Breath]” (Act 2:32-33). The promise of the Holy Breath is the promise the Father made to His Son that He would breathe life back into Him, “the promise of the Spirit [Breath] … till the seed should come to whom the promise was made” (Gal 3:14, 19).

If we belong to Jesus Christ, we have the same promise of the Holy Breath—the promise that we also will be raised from the dead by God breathing life into us: “ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost [Breath]. For the promise is unto you” (Act 2:38-39); “that we might receive the promise of the Spirit [Breath] through faith [faithfulness]” (Gal 3:14); “ye were sealed with that holy Spirit [Breath] of promise” (Eph 1:13).

The Son of God created Adam by forming his body from the ground and breathing life into his nostrils, “And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed [naphach 5301] into his nostrils the breath [neshamah 5397] of life; and man became a living soul” (Gen 2:7). The Hebrew neshamah is used interchangeably with ruwach: “All in whose nostrils was the breath [ruwach 7307] of life” (Gen 7:22); “All the while my breath [neshamah 5397] is in me, and the spirit [ruwach 7307] of God is in my nostrils” (Job 27:3); “The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath [neshamah 5397] of the Almighty hath given me life” (Job 33:4); “Cease ye from man, whose breath [neshamah 5397] is in his nostrils” (Isa 2:22).

Paul quoted from the creation of man when writing to the Corinthians about the resurrection from the dead, “And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit [breath]” (1Co 15:45), “And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul” (Gen 2:7). As the Son of God raised Adam from the ground and breathed life into Him, the Father raised the Son from the ground and breathed life back into Him. The initial creation of man to life was illustrative and prophetic of the resurrection of man back to life. As with the first Adam, so it was with the last Adam, “But if the Spirit [Breath] of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you” (Rom 8:11), “being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit [Breath]” (1Pe 3:18).

That Christ “was made a quickening spirit [breath]” speaks of Him raising the dead at the last day, “For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will” (Jhn 5:21), “but should raise it up again at the last day … and I will raise him up at the last day … and I will raise him up at the last day … and I will raise him up at the last day” (Jhn 6:39-40, 40, 44). Paul spoke of the Lord Jesus Christ as the Breath that gives life from the dead, “the spirit [breath] giveth life … Now the Lord is that Spirit [Breath]” (2Co 3:6, 17).

But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit [Breath], if so be that the Spirit [Breath] of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit [Breath] of Christ, he is none of his. And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. But if the Spirit [Breath] of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit [Breath] that dwelleth in you. (Romans 8:9-11)

The indwelling Holy Breath is an earnest or pledge from the Father that He will raise us to life as He raised His Son, “Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit [Breath] in our hearts” (2Co 1:22), “God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit [Breath]” (2Co 5:5), “ye were sealed with that holy Spirit [Breath] of promise, Which is the earnest of our inheritance” (Eph 1:13-14).

This is why it’s called the promise of the Breath: “I send the promise of my Father upon you” (Luk 24:49); “but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me” (Act 1:4); “having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost [Breath]” (Act 2:32-33); “the gift of the Holy Ghost [Breath]. For the promise is unto you,” (Act 2:38-39); “that we might receive the promise of the Spirit [Breath] through faith [faithfulness]” (Gal 3:14); “that holy Spirit [Breath] of promise” (Eph 1:13).

By making God’s Breath to be an actual person, it’s quite disturbing that Trinitarian Christians are worshipping a “person” that doesn’t even exist! Pentecostals and Charismatics in particular sometimes focus even more on this supposed “person” than on the true Persons of the Father and the Son. It’s because God’s Breath is in our hearts that a limited manifestation of Christ is dwelling within us, “the Spirit of Christ” (Rom 8:9; 1Pet 1:11), “And if Christ be in you” (Rom 8:10), “the Spirit of Jesus Christ” (Phl 1:19), “Christ in you, the hope of glory” (Col 1:27). It’s not a third person. It’s the presence of the Person our Lord Jesus Christ.

Is the Trinity a mystery?

The Jewish people have always understood the Breath of God to be a limited manifestation of the one true God. Even Trinitarians reluctantly admit that there is nothing in the Old Testament that even hints at the ruwach of God being a Person. Therefore, they must claim that Personhood was a mystery revealed in the New Testament.

“I said, Ye are gods? If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came” (Jhn 10:34-35). That plural persons are plural gods and a singular Person is the One God is such a simple concept that even I can understand it. But scholars and theologians that are much more brilliant than myself (and I say that sincerely, not sarcastically) can’t even understand their own doctrine. They claim that the reason the doctrine of the Trinity doesn’t make sense is because it’s a mystery that can’t be comprehended by the finite human mind. But the real reason it doesn’t make sense is that it’s nonsense!

When a doctrine is illogical to the point that even the most intelligent scholars admit to not being able to understand it, they’re unwittingly refuting it. Calling this doctrine a mystery is simply a means of deflecting the issue because a mystery is not something that can’t be understood but simply something that is hidden. The actual mysteries in Scripture are concepts that could be understood but were not understood only because they were purposely hidden by God.

The apostle Paul said that “the mystery of God” can be understood, “That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding, to the acknowledgement of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ” (Col 2:2). The Father and Christ (with no mention of a third Person) can be understood. And he wasn’t saying that only the apostles can understand it but even the average Christians in Colossae and Laodicea, “And when this epistle is read among you, cause that it be read also in the church of the Laodiceans” (Col 4:16). If the Colossians and Laodiceans can understand “the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ” then there’s hope for the rest of us.

Conclusion

If we really love God and we love people as we claim, we’ll forsake this false doctrine and teach people the truth. Jesus asked Peter three times if he loved Him (John 21:15-17), but not accepting his verbal affirmation as the answer. He was making it clear that Peter could only answer this question by his actions—going out and faithfully feeding His sheep. Just declaring that we love Him doesn’t necessarily mean that we do. Our love for Him is shown by suffering the consequences of teaching and preaching the truth. If we really love Him, we’ll embrace the truth ourselves and teach the truth to others. We’ll feed His sheep.

Feeding His sheep means that we’re not going to be teaching doctrine that we know to be false but what we believe to be true! We can sincerely believe in the doctrine of the Trinity, and God will forgive us once we come to the knowledge of the truth and repent. He knows our hearts and is merciful to sincere ignorance but not to willful rebellion. Therefore, once we know that a particular doctrine is false, we can’t continue to embrace and teach it without our relationship with God being adversely compromised, not only severely but even eternally. He will give us space to repent but there will come a cutoff point where He decides the time is over, “And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not” (Rev 2:21).

My prayer and sincere desire is that we all will humble ourselves and submit to the truth so that Jesus Christ our Lord will receive all of the glory forever. He sacrificed Himself for us and the least we can do is sacrifice ourselves daily for others, “If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me” (Luk 9:23), “I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service” (Rom 12:1).

They Went Out from Us

“They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have continued with us; but they went out that they might be made manifest, that none of them were of us” (1Jo 2:19). Calvinists and the proponents of “Once Saved Always Saved” (OSAS) use this verse as proof that people leaving the local church never were saved to begin with otherwise they would have stayed and continued in the church. But it’s clear from the surrounding context just who “they” really are. “Little children, it is the last hour; and as you have heard that the Antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come, by which we know that it is the last hour” (1Jo 2:18). “They” are false teachers who deny the Son, “Who is a liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist who denies the Father and the Son” (1Jo 2:22). John was not talking about churchgoers but men who were spreading false doctrine to deceive them, “These things I have written to you concerning those who try to deceive you” (1Jo 2:26).

Now since “they” are false teachers that came out from “us,” of which John includes himself, then “us” must have been the leaders of the early church with the 12 apostles at the core. In the first chapter of this epistle, John stated that fellowship with the apostles is necessary for having fellowship with God the Father and His Son Jesus Christ; “That which we have seen and heard we declare to you, that you also may have fellowship with us; and truly our fellowship is with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ” (1Jo 1:3). Anyone teaching doctrine about Christ that is contrary to what the apostles taught is a false teacher and does not have fellowship with God, “Whoever denies the Son does not have the Father either; he who acknowledges the Son has the Father also” (1Jo 2:23).

According to OSAS proponents, verse 19 proves that those who leave the church never really were believers in the first place because if they had been then they would not have left. But John was not talking about professing Christians leaving the local church but about false teachers who were no longer in fellowship with the apostles. And it seems these heretics were using their past association with the apostles as credentials to gain acceptance by the churches. This was the main reason John was writing, to warn about these men.

So when he said “they were not of us,” did he mean that they never were in fellowship with the apostles? He could not have meant this because then “they would have continued with us” would not make sense. The only way they could have continued in fellowship is if they had a fellowship at one time. And if they had fellowship with them then they had fellowship with the Father and with the Son. So when “they went out from us” they must have been part of a larger group led by the apostles. Now it could be that these men were made to leave the fellowship; that they had been excommunicated through the discipline prescribed by Christ in Matthew 18:15-20. But regardless, John wanted his readers to recognize that they were not true teachers because they no longer had fellowship with “us” and therefore were not sent out by them.

“They went out from us, but they were not of us.” The last part of this statement “of us” is also translated “belonged to us” (1Jo 2:19 NIV). Yet a literal rendering of it is: “Out of us they came, but out of us they were not.” The same Greek preposition “ek” for “out” is used in both parts of the statement. Therefore, he was not saying that they never really belonged to that group or “of us” but that they were not sent out by that group.

Also, the last part of the verse is sometimes mistranslated: “none of them were of us” (1Jo 2:19 NKJV); “none of them belonged to us” (1Jo 2:19 NIV). But other translations get it right: “not all” (1Jo 2:19 KJV, YNG, WEB); “they all are not” (1Jo 2:19 ESV, NASB, RSV, ASV). It literally says “they are not all out of us.” It is not that none of them who left never really belonged to them but that not all of them who went out were sent out by them. This is crucial because if you hold to OSAS and that this verse supports it then you want it to say that none of them belonged. Because if it means that those who left the church never were believers in the first place then it also means that this is not true for all of them. In other words, some who left were believers thus disproving OSAS.

The entire verse literally says, “Out of us they came, but out of us they were not. For if they were out of us they had remained ever with us. But that they may be being made to appear that they are not all out of us.” John was saying that the way his readers would know these teachers were not sent out by the apostles is because they did not remain in fellowship with the apostles. Not all who came out from them were sent out by them because not all remained in fellowship with them. In closing, this verse is not about professing Christians leaving the church and therefore proving they were never saved. It is about false teachers who left fellowship with the apostles. The letter sent out from the Jerusalem church to Gentile believers explicitly says, “Since we have heard that some who went out from us have troubled you with words, unsettling your souls, saying, ‘You must be circumcised and keep the law’—to whom we gave no such commandment” (Act 15:24). Not all of them who went out from the apostles were sent out by them but only those who remained in fellowship with them. And fellowship with the apostles is fellowship with Jesus Christ and with the Father.

My 10 Favorite KJV Archaic Statements (humorous)

10.       “whilst that I withal escape” (Psa 141:10)

9.         “they are sottish children” (Jer 4:22)

8.         “By his neesings a light doth shine” (Job 41:18)

7.         “and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him” (1Jo 3:17)

6.         “I think myself happy” (Act 26:2)

5.         “where David himself and his men were wont to haunt” (1Sa 30:31)

4.         “building the rebellious and the bad city” (Ezr 4:12)

3.         “harpers harping with their harps” (Rev 14:2)

2.         “superfluity of naughtiness” (Jas 1:21)

1.         “Jacob sod pottage” (Gen 25:29)

It all comes down to this

Jesus Christ is the arbiter of the truth and has the final word: “grace and truth came by Jesus Christ” (Jhn 1:17); “And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free” (Jhn 8:32); “And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me?” (Jhn 8:46); “I am the way, the truth, and the life” (Jhn 14:6); “Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice” (Jhn 18:37); “the truth is in Jesus” (Eph 4:21).

Jesus Christ called Himself “the Son of God” and the Father called Him “My Beloved Son.” The Son never called Himself “God” and the Father never called His Son “God.” Furthermore, the Son did call His Father “God.” Finally, neither of them called the Holy Spirit [Breath] “God.” What the Father and Son said about each other is the final word. Who dare say otherwise?

Jesus Christ called His Father the only true God, “And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent” (Jhn 17:3). The Son called His Father “my God” twice before He died, once after He was resurrected, and four times after He had ascended to heaven and was set down at the right hand of God: “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” (Mat 27:46; Mar 15:34); “I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God” (Jhn 20:17); “Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God” (Rev 3:12). The Father never called His Son “my God.” How can they be co-equal?

Jesus taught, “For whosoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words, of him shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he shall come in his own glory, and in his Father’s, and of the holy angels” (Luk 9:26). If Jesus Christ is truly our Lord and we’ve come to the knowledge of what He taught about God and about Himself, how can we continue to embrace the doctrine of the Trinity? How can we be ashamed of His words and still be serving Him?

Ryan

Turned from the Truth to Myths

Jesus Christ called Himself “the Son of God” and the Father called Him “My Beloved Son.” The Son never called Himself “God” and the Father never called His Son “God.” The Son did, however, call His Father “God” and called Him the only true God, “And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent” (John 17:3). The Son also called His Father “my God” before He died, “My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?” (Matthew 27:46), after He was resurrected, “I am ascending to my Father, and your Father, and to My God, and your God” (John 20:17), and after He was seated at the right hand of God, “He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God, and he shall go out no more. I will write on him the name of My God and the name of the city of My God, the New Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God. And I will write on him My new name” (Revelation 3:12).

Jesus Christ is the arbiter of the truth: “grace and truth came through Jesus Christ” (John 1:17); “And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free” (John 8:32); “And if I tell the truth, why do you not believe me?” (John 8:46); “I am the way, the truth, and the life” (John 14:6); “Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice” (John 18:37); “the truth is in Jesus” (Ephesians 4:21).

The Trinitarian view that God is three co-equal Persons contradicts what He taught. Trinitarian preachers disagree with the Son of God about God! Disagreeing with Him about anything is bad enough but our view of God is most important. If they’re wrong about what’s most important, how can they be trusted with anything else?

The apostle Paul’s last words have proven true today, “For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but according to their own desires, because they have itching ears, they will heap up for themselves teachers; and they will turn their ears away from the truth, and be turned aside to fables [mythos]” (2 Timothy 4:3-4). The Greek mythos is where the English “myths” is derived. People in churches have been turned to myths—that the one true God is a Trinity of co-equal Persons, that man is an immortal spirit living inside a body that goes to heaven or hell after death, and that salvation is by believing. The systematic theology taught in churches today isn’t the truth from Jesus Christ but myths. We’re now living in the time Paul said would come.

This system of myths is perpetuated through several means: Bible versions have been “doctored” by translating certain words to communicate a message that comports with the system; preachers are educated by Trinitarian organizations and pledged to the system; the content of sermons and books is held in conformity to the system; leaders are trained in apologetics to defend the system.

People are kept bound prisoners to the system by false claims, discouragement, and intimidation. It’s falsely claimed that modern systematic theology is “the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints” (Jude 1:3), that the Trinitarian view of God is essential for salvation, and that denying “personhood” of the Holy Spirit is the blasphemy against the Spirit. People are discouraged from understanding the Bible for themselves in fear they’ll fall into error and join a cult. And people are intimidated that if they deny the Trinitarian view of God they’ll be publicly shamed, branded a heretic, and perish in hell.

Many Trinitarian preachers are warm, funny, and down-to-earth. They enjoy visiting over a cup of coffee and having cookouts in their backyard. They labor and serve in the church. They invest in the lives of others and shed tears of joy and sorrow with them. But they disagree with the Lord Jesus Christ! He warned us, “Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravenous wolves” (Mat 7:15). Wolves are very subtle and deceiving.

Nobody but the Son of God has seen God, “No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him” (John 1:18). Therefore, what He said about God is the final word. Jesus Christ declared the truth about God, about Himself, about man, and about salvation. But because people in churches are bound to a system of myths, they don’t want to hear the truth, “and they will turn their ears away from the truth.” The truth Jesus taught is clear, logical, and simple to understand while all of the confusion and complexity comes from the myths being taught. Eternal life comes only through the Lord Jesus Christ. We must hear the truth He taught, trust Him, agree with Him, submit to Him, and obey Him. Don’t turn your ears away from hearing the truth He taught. Don’t stay bound to myths.

Ryan

Why you should read my writings

All Christians consider themselves like the Bereans, “These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. Therefore many of them believed; also of honourable women which were Greeks, and of men, not a few.” (Act 17:11-12). However, many Christians aren’t all that open-minded like the Bereans but quite set in their beliefs, and use the Scriptures to proof-text those beliefs. But the Bereans didn’t search the Scriptures to prove Paul wrong, they eagerly heard him and searched the Scriptures “whether those things were so.” They gave Paul the benefit of the doubt and considered that he could be right and therefore gave him a fair hearing. Being like the Bereans is about being sincerely open-minded and objective in the study of the Scriptures for the truth.

My beliefs have largely been fluid over the decades that I’ve been a Christian because of my dogged pursuit of the truth. I came to Christ in a Pentecostal church in 1990, then read Kenneth Hagin books and became a Charismatic for several years, then read John MacArthur books and became a Calvinist for several years, then eventually stopped reading Christian books altogether but only the Bible which has led me to my current beliefs. My experience has been that I was led astray when I trusted popular ministers to teach me about God and salvation. But since the truth came from Jesus Christ, I listen to Him and His apostles: “grace and truth came by Jesus Christ” (Jhn 1:17); “And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free” (Jhn 8:32); “And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me?” (Jhn 8:46); “I am the way, the truth, and the life” (Jhn 14:6); “Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice” (Jhn 18:37); “the truth is in Jesus” (Eph 4:21).

Becoming right in our beliefs begins with an honest and humble assessment of ourselves that we could be wrong not just about some things but about a lot of things. I went through that and still go through it to a certain extent. If we’re seeking the truth, then we’ll have no problem with questioning our current beliefs sincerely and objectively. But I’ve come to learn that many Christians aren’t willing to do this. Rather, they’re convinced that their current beliefs are right and will go to great lengths in defending them.

The goal of studying the Scriptures is to correctly understand the message intended to be conveyed by the Author. The Scriptures are simply a channel through which God communicates His message to us. It’s not about my interpretation or your interpretation but about apprehending the intended message, then living our lives accordingly.

The biggest hindrance to correctly understanding the Scriptures and apprehending the intended message is false assumptions. Assumptions are ideas that we consider to be true but might not be. They’re essential for building upon to further our understanding and reach correct conclusions. However, when our beginning assumptions are false, our understanding is hindered and we can rarely reach correct conclusions—false assumptions blind and imprison us. For example: if you believe (as I used to) that humans are non-physical beings living inside physical bodies that continue living disembodied after death either in heaven or hell, then that false assumption will blind you from understanding many teachings in Scripture about life, death, and salvation. Until you’re willing to lay aside that assumption and approach the Scriptures objectively, you’ll remain imprisoned.

My understanding of the Scriptures began to thrive once I stripped away assumptions from my thinking that I wasn’t entirely sure were correct, then approached the Scriptures as objectively as possible. It was only after I was convinced that any particular assumption was correct that I embraced it and used it to help me understand the Scriptures further. It’s like a snowball effect; the more we correctly understand, the more we’re able to correctly understand.

False assumptions, primarily assumptions about the nature of God and man—that God is a Trinity of Persons and that man is an eternal non-physical being whose destiny is either heaven or eternal torture in fire—prevents the most brilliant from ever understanding the Scriptures and attaining the truth. Many scholars and theologians are far smarter and more educated than I am but the false assumptions they embrace about God and man skews and tarnishes their understanding so that much of what they teach is wrong. Christians recognize that even the most brilliant scientists embrace the foolish philosophy of evolution under the pretense of science. And a similar dynamic is true with theologians. They’ve been indoctrinated with a philosophical system disguised as theology, “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit” (Col 2:8). They’re trained and committed to defend their system with illogical and foolish arguments. They garnish their philosophy with a lot of big words, scholarship, and eloquence to make it sound official and authoritative, “they speak great swelling words of vanity” (2Pe 2:18). They make it sound like they’re saying a lot while saying a whole lot of nothing!

I’ve been scolded for considering myself right while multitudes of brilliant and educated scholars and theologians over many hundreds of years are wrong. But the difference between me and them is that I’m willing to lay aside my biases and think outside the box while they’re imprisoned within a box of false assumptions they’re unwilling to question. They’ll say that some things aren’t open for discussion or debate which only proves they’re not open-minded like the Bereans. And since they’re not open-minded, then sadly they’ll stay deceived. They implicate themselves as more loyal to their theological system than to the Lord Jesus Christ Himself. A wrong view of God, a wrong view of the Son of God, and a wrong view of man can only result in a wrong view of salvation and adversely affect almost everything they teach. For that reason, I don’t read books or commentaries from theologians anymore. I only read the Bible.

You should read my writings on this website for three main reasons. First, Christ has gifted me to understand and teach the Scriptures. I have no greater passion than to study and write about the Scriptures and can spend hours and hours doing it. Correctly understanding the Scriptures is more than an academic and intellectual endeavor but takes being gifted by Jesus Christ. I can’t tell you how many times God has given me the understanding of certain passages of Scripture in answer to prayer. It’s not necessarily that I’m smart enough to figure things out but that God has gifted me and guides me.

Second, my motive is for Jesus Christ to be glorified and not myself. I strive to not care what anyone thinks about me good or bad, but care greatly about what people think about Him. Therefore, I’m not trying to get any recognition or a large following of people. I’m not in the ministry and I’m not trying to gain or maintain any financial support. I just want to help others in their walk with God by learning the truth and living their lives by it. It’s because of this mindset that I can approach my audience with boldness to say things the way I believe they truly are—I’m not trying to please anyone.

The third reason you should read my writings on this website is that I approach the Scriptures as objectively as possible by only bringing with me the assumptions that I’m convinced are correct. I think outside the box. Successful people in any area of life aren’t afraid of failure. For example, famous basketball players contend that if fear of failure kept them from attempting to make the winning shot, they would never make the winning shot. Adopting that same principle to the study of the Scriptures, I’m not afraid to attempt the winning shot and miss sometimes. I’m willing to be wrong at times so that I can finally get it right.

My studies and writings are focused mainly on the subjects of God, man, salvation, and Christian living. Many other subjects are certainly worthy of attention but for the time being at least, God has me concentrating on these. I could spread myself out by studying other subjects but I wouldn’t be as effective and learned in these primary subjects.

I use the King James Version of the Bible primarily because I believe in the relative accuracy of the manuscript tradition from which it’s translated as compared with the Alexandrian tradition underlying most modern Bible versions. Also, since the KJV is in the public domain, it can be quoted from freely with no thought of legal repercussions. We should be able to use God’s holy words without anyone telling us how much of it we can and can’t use. Many people suffered greatly and gave their lives for the Scriptures yet publishing companies today stipulate that we must use less than 500 verses and not let it account for more than 25% of the total text. Is business more important than souls?

One last point is that I don’t claim to be a great writer. My writings are all about the content and message. I want to first understand correctly what the Scriptures are saying (thus the title of my website), then communicate this understanding to bless my audience. My prayer is that my writings will bless and help your walk with God through our glorious Lord Jesus Christ.

Ryan